Macromolecules: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acid

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Match the following biomolecules with their properties:

Phospholipids = Non-polar barrier to water Waxes = Long chain fatty acids Steroids = Non-polar hormones Proteins = Polar, non-polar, solubility

Match the following biomolecules with their primary function:

Phospholipids = Form membrane structure Waxes = Provide barrier to water Steroids = Act as hormones Proteins = Catalyze reactions

Match the following protein structures with their examples:

Linear Polypeptides = Insulin, Keratin Globular Proteins = Myoglobin, Spider silk

Match the following amino acid functional groups with their roles/functions:

Carboxyl = Defense against disease Amino = Transport substances Hydroxyl or Sulfhydryl = Catalyze reactions Carbonyl = Regulate cellular processes

Match the following components with their description:

Collagen = Protein that provides structure to connective tissues Hemoglobin = Protein that transports oxygen in the blood Enzymes = Biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions Nucleic Acid Subunit = Building block of DNA and RNA

Match the following with their functional groups:

DNA nucleotides = Phosphate + Sugar + Nitrogenous Base RNA Nucleotides = Phosphate + Sugar + Nitrogenous Base Some nitrogenous bases = Have carbonyl and amino groups Some sugars = Have hydroxyl group

Match the following properties with their characteristics:

Polar = Having uneven distribution of charge Non-polar = Having even distribution of charge Solubility = Ability to dissolve in a solvent Types of linkage between molecules = Describes how molecules are connected

Match the following types with their descriptions:

Phosphodiester linkage = Bond between phosphate and sugar in nucleic acids Hydrogen bonds = Weak bonds between nitrogenous bases in DNA Condensation reaction = Process that forms polymers by releasing water Essential for protein synthesis = Role of RNA in making proteins

Match the following roles/functions with their descriptions:

Hereditary information = Transmitting genetic traits from one generation to another Transmit hereditary information from nucleus to cytoplasm = Role of DNA and RNA in genetic expression Biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions = Function of enzymes in metabolism Protein synthesis = The process of making proteins in cells

Match the macromolecule with its subunit:

Carbohydrates = Monosaccharides Lipids = Glycerol + 3 fatty acids Proteins = Amino acids Nucleic Acid = Nucleotides

Match the macromolecule with its primary role/function:

Carbohydrates = Energy sources Lipids = Energy storage and insulation Proteins = Enzymes and structural support Nucleic Acid = Genetic information storage

Match the macromolecule with its primary linkage between molecules:

Carbohydrates = Glycosidic Lipids = Ester Proteins = Peptide Nucleic Acid = Phosphodiester

Match the macromolecule with its main functional group:

Carbohydrates = Hydroxyl Lipids = Carboxyl Proteins = Amino Nucleic Acid = Phosphate

Match the macromolecule with its key property:

Carbohydrates = Polar Lipids = Non-polar Proteins = Variable depending on amino acids side chains Nucleic Acid = Negatively charged due to phosphate groups

Match the macromolecule with the type of reaction that forms its polymer:

Carbohydrates = Condensation (dehydration synthesis) Lipids = Esterification Proteins = Peptide bond formation Nucleic Acid = Phosphodiester bond formation

Test your knowledge on the macromolecules carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Learn about their subunits, functional groups, properties, types of linkages, and roles/functions.

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