Geography of China's Major Regions

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3 Questions

What is the second-lowest place in China?

The Turfan Depression

What is the major region in the southwest of China?

The Tibet-Qinghai Plateau

What is the climate like in the Northeastern Plain?

Hot summers and long, cold winters

Study Notes

  • Outer China includes the western and northern parts of present-day China.
  • This is an area of great extremes in climate and physical features.
  • In ancient times, the only livable places in China’s Northwestern Deserts were areas near water.
  • In the southwest, China is bounded by the Himalayas.
  • The key geographical region in this area is the Tibet-Qinghai (tih-BET ching-HIE) Plateau.
  • It is the world's largest plateau.
  • In the northwest, the major region is the Northwestern Deserts.
  • This area includes the Turfan Depression, which at 505 feet below sea level, is the second-lowest place in China.
  • It can grow so hot here that raindrops evaporate before even reaching the ground.
  • In the northeast, the key region is the Northeastern Plain, a land of low hills and plains.
  • It has short, hot summers, but winters are long and dry, with five months of freezing temperatures.
  • The Geography of Inner China includes the southeastern part of present-day China and is closer to sea level than the western areas.
  • Inner China has two main regions.
  • The northern region is the North China Plain, while to the south are the low river plains of the middle and lower Chang Jiang (chahng jyahng) Basins.
  • Each of China's five major regions has its own climate, physical features, and vegetation.

Explore the diverse geographical regions of China, from the extreme climates and physical features of Outer China to the low river plains of Inner China. Learn about the Northwestern Deserts, Tibet-Qinghai Plateau, and the North China Plain, and understand the unique climate, physical features, and vegetation of each region.

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