Introduction to Building Mechanical Systems Quiz

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5 Questions

What is the main difference between electric and hydraulic elevators?

What is the purpose of counterweights in electric elevators?

Which type of traction machine is suitable for high-rise buildings?

Where is the penthouse located in relation to the elevator hoistway?

What is the function of a WACU (Window Air Conditioning Unit)?


Building Utilities Mechanical Systems

  • Introduction to mechanical equipments of building
  • References: PSME Handbook, National Building Code Rule 10 Graphics Standards, Visual Dictionary of Architecture by Francis D.K. Ching
  • Vertical and horizontal transportation systems including elevators, escalators, and conveyors
  • Types of elevators: electric (cable for tall buildings, DC motor operated) and hydraulic (plunger for up to 5-10 storeys)
  • Types of escalators: crisscross and parallel
  • HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air conditioning) systems including window air conditioning units, split & multi-split types, and centralized air conditioning
  • Explanation of electric and hydraulic elevators, including hoisting mechanisms and applications
  • Major parts of electric elevators, including gearless traction machine for high-rise buildings and geared traction machine for mid-rise buildings
  • Description of electric elevator major parts such as car/cab, cable, drive machine, counterweights, guide rail, shaft/hoistway, and penthouse
  • Specific details about the components and operations of electric elevators
  • PSME Handbook, National Building Code Rule 10 Graphics Standards, and Visual Dictionary of Architecture by Francis D.K. Ching as references for the information presented
  • In-depth overview of the mechanical systems used in building utilities


Test your knowledge of mechanical equipment used in building utilities. This quiz covers topics such as elevators, dumbwaiters, and freight elevators, as well as vertical and horizontal transportation systems.

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