Infection Control and Disease Prevention

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36 Questions

What is the main focus of epidemiology?

Which discipline is NOT typically involved in epidemiology?

What is the main difference between communicable and non-communicable diseases?

What is the attack rate in epidemiology?

Which factor is not mentioned as influencing the epidemiology of emerging infectious diseases?

What is the fatality rate of the MERS coronavirus?

Which pathogen is resistant to multiple antifungal drugs?

What is the natural reservoir for several highly pathogenic viruses?

What does prevalence measure?

What does morbidity reflect?

What is the case-fatality rate?

What does isolation do?

What is an endemic disease?

What is contact tracing critical for?

What does incidence rate measure?

What does mortality reflect?

What is quarantine?

What does common-source epidemic/outbreak suggest?

What does the basic reproduction number (R0) indicate?

What is the effective reproduction number (Rt) in epidemiology?

What is the fundamental property of communicable diseases?

What is the purpose of epidemic models in public health?

Which organization provides federal leadership in managing national public health events in Canada?

What type of epidemic model allows for the evaluation of different scenarios and policy decisions?

What does exponential growth in diseases like measles lead to?

What is essential for projecting and preventing disease outbreaks?

Which of the following is a common route of disease transmission?

What does the 'Yellow Jack' flag flown on a ship indicate?

Which type of reservoirs are difficult to eliminate, such as soil?

What can become contaminated, leading to digestive tract infections?

What are living organisms that can carry pathogens and are important in disease transmission?

In which type of transmission does pregnant woman transmit pathogens to the fetus?

What are common portals of entry and exit for pathogens?

What type of infections can be harder to identify and may spread to others?

What type of transmission is important for respiratory diseases?

What are non-human animal reservoirs that can lead to zoonotic diseases?

Summary

Infectious Disease Transmission and Prevention

  • "Yellow Jack" flag flown on a ship indicates quarantine
  • Reservoirs of infection include humans, animals, and the environment
  • Human reservoirs can be exclusive or exist in other animals or the environment
  • Asymptomatic infections can be harder to identify and may spread to others
  • Non-human animal reservoirs are common, leading to zoonotic diseases
  • Environmental reservoirs are difficult to eliminate, such as soil
  • Disease transmission can occur vertically (pregnant woman to fetus) or horizontally (person to person)
  • Portals of entry and exit for pathogens include the eyes, broken skin, and the respiratory and genitourinary tracts
  • Direct contact and indirect contact (fomites) are common routes of disease transmission
  • Droplet and airborne transmission are important for respiratory diseases
  • Food and water can become contaminated, leading to digestive tract infections
  • Vectors, such as mosquitoes and ticks, are living organisms that can carry pathogens and are important in disease transmission.

Description

This quiz covers topics related to infection control and disease prevention, including the concept of quarantine, reservoirs of infection, and the identification of potential carriers of pathogens. Test your knowledge on measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases and the significance of identifying reservoirs of infection.

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