Indian Panchayati Raj System

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Who can participate in the Gram Sabha meeting?

All adults living in the area covered by a Panchayat

What is the role of the Ward Member (Panch) in the Gram Panchayat?

Represent a specific ward and get elected by its residents

How long is the term of office for members of the Gram Panchayat?

Five years

Who appoints the Secretary of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat?

State government

What is the responsibility of the Secretary of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat?

Keep records of the proceedings

Study Notes

Gram Sabha

  • A meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat, which can be one or multiple villages.
  • Membership includes anyone 18 years old or more with the right to vote.

Village Panchayat

  • Divided into wards, which are smaller areas.
  • Each ward elects a representative known as the Ward Member (Panch).

Gram Panchayat

  • Comprises Ward Panchs and the Sarpanch (Panchayat President).
  • Elected for a five-year term.
  • Responsible for local governance.

Secretary

  • Appointed by the government, not an elected person.
  • Responsible for calling meetings of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat.
  • Keeps a record of the proceedings.

Learn about the Gram Sabha, a meeting of adults living in a Panchayat area, the election process of Ward Members, and the governance structure in rural India.

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