PT101 - Lesson 6b

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What is the purpose of a Count Off in music recording?

To provide tempo information before recording

How can you enable or disable the Count Off feature in the Edit Window?

Pressing the 8 key on the computer's numeric keypad

Where can you change the count off settings in Pro Tools?

From the Setup menu or double-clicking the Count Off value

What type of note value has a one-beat value in music notation?

Quarter note

What does the Meter in music tell musicians?

How many beats are in one measure

How are metronome clicks typically counted in a Count Off?

In increments of bars

What is the default input for a new MIDI or Instrument track?

All

What does enabling MIDI Merge during recording allow you to do?

Merge new MIDI data with existing data on the track

What should you click to arm a MIDI or Instrument track for recording?

Track Record Enable button

In a multi-keyboard setup, what does assigning tracks to specific MIDI sources allow?

Isolating each musician's performance to separate tracks

What does selecting an input device allow you to do when setting up a MIDI track?

Choose a MIDI channel on the input device

How does recording with MIDI Merge differ from normal recording?

Add new MIDI data to preexisting data on the track

Which button should you click to enable MIDI Merge during recording?

"MIDI Merge" button

What is a significant difference between importing MIDI and importing audio?

Imported MIDI becomes part of the session file itself.

In Pro Tools, where can you drag a MIDI file from to import it into your session?

Workspace browser

What does selecting 'New Track(s)' option when importing MIDI allow you to do?

Import MIDI to a new track or tracks

What happens when 'Remove existing Instrument tracks' is checked during MIDI import?

Existing Instrument tracks are permanently deleted

Which setting in the MIDI Import Options dialog box allows you to specify the starting point for the imported MIDI on the timeline?

Location

What is the purpose of the Metronome button when recording MIDI?

To enable a click track

What does selecting 'Clip List' radio button during MIDI import do?

Imports MIDI data to the Clips List only

When 'Import Key Signature from MIDI File' is checked, what happens to your session's key signature settings?

'Import Key Signature from MIDI File' settings overwrite existing key signature settings

'Remove existing MIDI clips' option during MIDI import will:

'Remove existing MIDI clips' permanently delete any MIDI clips in your session

'Import Tempo map from MIDI File' option during import affects:

'Import Tempo map from MIDI File' overwrites session tempo settings with those from imported MIDI

How many beats are there in a measure if the meter is 5/8?

5

What does Tempo refer to in music?

The speed of the beats

How can you easily change the tempo in Pro Tools when in Manual Tempo mode?

Press the 'T' key

What happens when MIDI Merge is enabled in Pro Tools?

New MIDI data will not overwrite old MIDI data

How do you enable or disable the Metronome in Pro Tools?

Press the '7' key on the numeric keypad

When is recording triggered with Wait for Note enabled?

After receiving a MIDI event

What happens when the Conductor Track (Tempo Ruler) is enabled in Pro Tools?

Tempo changes are applied to the session

What does the F11 key do when 'Wait For Note' is frequently used in Pro Tools?

Enables or disables 'Wait For Note'

What can you do by double-clicking on the Metronome button in Pro Tools?

Access Click/Countoff Options dialog box

In Pro Tools, which key can be used to enable or disable MIDI Merge?

9

What happens when you play using the Virtual MIDI Keyboard during MIDI Merge recording?

The MIDI data is added to the clip along with the existing data.

How do you shift the octave down on the Virtual MIDI Keyboard?

By pressing and holding the Z key

What is the purpose of the A-K Keys on the Virtual MIDI Keyboard?

To play notes

How can you increase the MIDI velocity of notes played using the Virtual MIDI Keyboard?

Pressing the V key

What feature of Pro Tools' Virtual MIDI Keyboard makes it more portable?

The ability to use your computer keyboard as a MIDI controller

What is displayed in the lower left-hand corner of the Virtual MIDI Keyboard screen?

Current octave

What does the Recording Enable button do when clicked?

Arms the track for recording

Why did Pro Tools introduce the Virtual MIDI Keyboard feature?

To make recording MIDI accessible without external hardware

What is a benefit of using Pro Tools' Virtual MIDI Keyboard for recording?

Enables recording without a physical MIDI keyboard

Study Notes

Count Off in Music Recording

  • A Count Off is a feature in music recording that provides a metronome click or other sound before the start of a song to help musicians prepare and sync with the tempo.

Enabling/Disabling Count Off

  • To enable or disable the Count Off feature, go to the Edit Window.

Count Off Settings

  • To change Count Off settings in Pro Tools, navigate to the designated settings area.

Music Notation

  • A quarter note has a one-beat value in music notation.

Meter in Music

  • The Meter in music informs musicians of the rhythmic structure and number of beats per measure.

Metronome Clicks

  • Metronome clicks are typically counted in a Count Off, helping musicians keep a steady tempo.

Default Input for New Track

  • The default input for a new MIDI or Instrument track is usually set to "Last Used" or "Default."

MIDI Merge

  • Enabling MIDI Merge during recording allows you to merge multiple MIDI recordings into one track.

Arm MIDI/Instrument Track

  • Click the "Record" button to arm a MIDI or Instrument track for recording.

Multi-Keyboard Setup

  • Assigning tracks to specific MIDI sources in a multi-keyboard setup enables control over individual keyboards.

Selecting Input Device

  • Selecting an input device when setting up a MIDI track allows you to specify the device that sends MIDI data.

Recording with MIDI Merge

  • Recording with MIDI Merge differs from normal recording in that it combines multiple takes into one track.

MIDI Merge Button

  • Click the "MIDI Merge" button to enable it during recording.

Importing MIDI vs. Audio

  • A significant difference between importing MIDI and importing audio is that MIDI files contain note data, whereas audio files contain recorded sound.

Importing MIDI Files

  • Drag a MIDI file into your Pro Tools session to import it.

Import MIDI Options

  • Selecting "New Track(s)" when importing MIDI allows you to create new tracks for the imported data.

Removing Existing Tracks

  • Checking "Remove existing Instrument tracks" during MIDI import removes existing tracks and replaces them with new ones.

MIDI Import Settings

  • The "Starting Point" setting in the MIDI Import Options dialog box specifies the starting point for the imported MIDI on the timeline.

Metronome Button

  • The Metronome button enables or disables the metronome click during MIDI recording.

Clip List during Import

  • Selecting the "Clip List" radio button during MIDI import creates separate clips for each MIDI note.

Import Key Signature

  • Checking "Import Key Signature from MIDI File" imports the MIDI file's key signature and sets it as the session's key signature.

Remove Existing MIDI Clips

  • Checking "Remove existing MIDI clips" during import removes existing MIDI clips and replaces them with the new imported data.

Import Tempo Map

  • Checking "Import Tempo map from MIDI File" imports the MIDI file's tempo map and applies it to your session.

Time Signature

  • A time signature of 5/8 indicates there are five beats in a measure.

Tempo in Music

  • Tempo refers to the speed or rate at which a piece of music is played.

Changing Tempo

  • You can easily change the tempo in Pro Tools when in Manual Tempo mode.

MIDI Merge

  • Enabling MIDI Merge in Pro Tools combines multiple MIDI recordings into one track.

Enabling/Disabling Metronome

  • Go to the Edit Window to enable or disable the Metronome in Pro Tools.

Wait for Note

  • Recording is triggered when a MIDI note is received when "Wait for Note" is enabled.

Conductor Track

  • Enabling the Conductor Track (Tempo Ruler) in Pro Tools allows you to edit the tempo and meter of your session.

F11 Key

  • Pressing the F11 key when "Wait For Note" is frequently used disables the metronome click.

Metronome Button

  • Double-clicking on the Metronome button in Pro Tools toggles the metronome on and off.

MIDI Merge Key

  • Press the "N" key to enable or disable MIDI Merge in Pro Tools.

Virtual MIDI Keyboard

  • Playing using the Virtual MIDI Keyboard during MIDI Merge recording merges the played notes with existing MIDI data.

Shifting Octave

  • Shift the octave down on the Virtual MIDI Keyboard by pressing the "Ctrl + Down Arrow" keys.

A-K Keys

  • The A-K keys on the Virtual MIDI Keyboard simulate playing a keyboard instrument.

Increasing MIDI Velocity

  • Increase the MIDI velocity of notes played using the Virtual MIDI Keyboard by pressing "Ctrl + Shift + Up Arrow".

Virtual MIDI Keyboard

  • The Virtual MIDI Keyboard feature in Pro Tools allows for portable MIDI note input.

Virtual MIDI Keyboard Screen

  • The lower left-hand corner of the Virtual MIDI Keyboard screen displays the MIDI velocity value.

Recording Enable Button

  • Clicking the Recording Enable button arms the track for recording.

Virtual MIDI Keyboard Feature

  • The Virtual MIDI Keyboard feature was introduced in Pro Tools to provide an on-screen MIDI keyboard for inputting MIDI notes.

Benefit of Virtual MIDI Keyboard

  • A benefit of using Pro Tools' Virtual MIDI Keyboard for recording is that it allows for easy, on-screen MIDI input without the need for a physical keyboard.

Learn about how to import MIDI clips into your session. Understand the difference between importing MIDI and audio files, and how MIDI data becomes part of the session file. Simplify the import process with MIDI data in your music production workflow.

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