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P2Q1 South Africa in the 1980s (Document)

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35 Questions

What event marked the height of Apartheid repression in South Africa?

State of emergency being declared

How did COSATU contribute internationally to the fight against Apartheid?

Calling for disinvestment from South Africa

What event led to the formation of COSATU in 1985?

Popular insurrection

What was the significance of the largest strike in SA's history organized by COSATU in May 1986?

Demanding recognition of International Worker's Day as a public holiday

During the state of emergency, which COSATU officials were detained by the government?

Elijah Barayi and Jay Naidoo

What was the main focus of COSATU's actions in supporting the mass democratic movement?

Coordinating activities with the mass democratic movement

What was the primary goal of COSATU's international mobilization efforts?

Calling for economic disinvestment from South Africa

What impact did unionists feel their unions had during the political struggle in their communities?

They perceived unions as strong and involved in political struggles

What role did unions play in the resistance against Apartheid?

Actively participating in resistance activities

What was the response of COSATU to the government's actions during the state of emergency?

Continuing to play a major role in the mass democratic struggle

What did the Harare Declaration indicate as the way forward in the negotiation process?

The formation of an interim government to oversee the drafting of a new constitution and the termination of armed hostilities

What significant event took place on February 11, 1990?

The release of Nelson Mandela from prison

What did F.W. de Klerk announce in his speech to the South African Parliament on February 2, 1990?

The unbanning of the ANC, PAC, and SACP, and the release of Nelson Mandela

What was the next step after the suspension of hostilities between the liberation movement and the apartheid regime?

The formation of an interim government to supervise the drafting of a new constitution

What was the final step outlined in the Harare Declaration?

The lifting of all sanctions imposed on the apartheid state by the international community

The ECC was affiliated to the UDF and focused on promoting a pro-war culture among whites.

False

The Mass Democratic Movement (MDM) was formed after the UDF was banned.

True

Jay Naidoo described the MDM as an organization primarily made up of political parties.

False

The MDM is not committed to non-racialism or democratic practices.

False

The MDM recognizes the centrality of the ANC in finding solutions for the country.

True

The MDM was not united by a program of mass action aimed at dismantling apartheid.

False

Progress in building a non-racial opposition to the state had no negative outcomes.

False

The education boycotts during this time greatly benefited the black communities in South Africa.

False

The ECC primarily used wall murals, T-shirts, and musical concerts to promote a pro-war culture among whites.

False

The UDF and COSATU formed a strategic alliance within the MDM.

True

End the State of Emergency and repeal all legislation designed to circumscribe ______ activity.

political

Discussions to take place between the liberation movement and the SA regime to achieve the suspension of hostilities on both sides by agreeing to a mutually binding ______.

cease-fire

Next would be the formation of an interim government to supervise the process of the drawing up and adoption of the new Constitution, which would include the principles outlined in the Harare ______.

Declaration

On 2 February 1990, De Klerk announced in a speech to the SA Parliament that the ANC, PAC and SACP would be unbanned and that Mandela would be ______.

released

This happened on 11 February 1990 when Mandela walked out of prison in Paarl, after which he made a momentous speech to supporters on the steps of the Cape Town City ______.

Hall

De Klerk announced in a speech to the SA Parliament that the ANC, PAC and SACP would be unbanned and that Mandela would be ______.

released

Mandela walked out of prison in Paarl on 11 February 1990, after which he made a momentous speech to supporters on the steps of the Cape Town City ______.

Hall

End the State of Emergency and repeal all legislation designed to circumscribe political ______.

activity

Discussions to take place between the liberation movement and the SA regime to achieve the suspension of hostilities on both sides by agreeing to a mutually binding ______.

cease-fire

Next would be the formation of an interim government to supervise the process of the drawing up and adoption of the new Constitution, which would include the principles outlined in the Harare ______.

Declaration

Explore the consequences of rent boycotts on local services' breakdown, resistance towards payment for social services, increased community conflict, police violence, and collaboration with the state. Understand the repercussions on communities and individuals during times of civil unrest.

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