How well do you know criminal law and justice?

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By jwblackwell

Quiz

Flashcards

9 Questions

What is the definition of a crime?

What is the purpose of criminal law enforcement?

What is the difference between private law and criminal law?

What is the purpose of retributive justice?

What is criminology?

What is the purpose of international criminal law?

What are the different types of crimes?

What factors increase the likelihood of criminal activity?

Is there a known genetic cause of crime?

Summary

Illegal Behavior Defined by Existing Criminal Law:

  • Crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.

  • Crime does not have a simple and universally accepted definition.

  • A crime is something declared as such by the relevant and applicable law.

  • Acts such as murder, rape, and theft are to be prohibited worldwide.

  • The state has the power to severely restrict one's liberty for committing a crime.

  • Investigations and trials must adhere to procedures in modern societies.

  • The "act of doing something criminal" must be accompanied by the "intention to do something criminal."

  • Breaches of private law are not automatically punished by the state.

  • Crime is a type of social construct, and societal attitudes determine what is considered criminal.

  • Criminology is a subfield of sociology that addresses issues of social norms, social order, deviance, and violence.

  • The study of crime includes crime prevention, criminal law, crime statistics, and forensic science.

  • There are several types of crimes, including violent crime, property crime, public order crime, political crime, and inchoate crime.Overview of Criminal Law and Justice

  • Victims of crime may experience short-term or long-term "repeat victimization."

  • Victims of domestic violence, embezzlement, child abuse, and bullying are common long-term victims.

  • Repeat victimization may occur when a potential victim appears to be a viable target.

  • Traits that indicate criminality also indicate victimality.

  • Victims are more likely to have engaged in criminal activities themselves.

  • The enforcement of criminal law seeks to prevent crime and sanction crimes that do occur.

  • Punishment is generally reserved for serious offenses.

  • Retributive justice seeks to create a system of accountability and punish criminals in a way that knowingly causes suffering.

  • International criminal law typically addresses serious offenses, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.

  • Negative economic factors significantly increase the incentive to commit crime.

  • Social factors similarly affect the likelihood of criminal activity.

  • There is no known genetic cause of crime.

Description

Take this quiz and test your knowledge on the fundamentals of criminal law and justice. From the definition of crime to the various types of crimes and their punishments, this quiz covers it all. You will also learn about victimization, enforcement of criminal law, and international criminal law. See how much you know about this important aspect of society and the legal system.

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