Greek Philosophers and Philosophical Foundations Quiz

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11 Questions

Which scientist is credited with observing spermatozoa for the first time?

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

What did Nicolas Hartsoeker call the tiny men he claimed to have seen inside sperm?

Animalcule or homunculus

Who is credited with creating a uniform system for naming organisms, known as binomial nomenclature?

Carl Linnaeus

Which scientist proposed the idea that acquired characters are inheritable, known as Lamarckism?

Lamarck

Which of the following statements is true about Lamarckism?

It is controverted by modern genetics and evolutionary theory.

Which philosopher proposed the theory that animals are born from one another by seeds?

Pythagoras

According to Aristotle, what did the female parent contribute to the new individual?

Unorganized matter

Who made observations using microscopes in the late 17th century and developed the preformation theory?

Jan Swammerdam

What did the preformation theory suppose?

That an egg contained all future generations as preformed miniatures

Who argued that all living beings arose from eggs in his publication "The Generation of Animals"?

William Harvey

Which of the following philosophers did NOT establish the foundations of Western philosophy?

Pythagoras

Test your knowledge on the early Greek philosophers and the foundations of Western philosophy established by Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Explore Pythagoras's theories on the origins of living beings. Learn about the sixth century B.C. philosophical inquiries.

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