Government Separation of Powers Quiz

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18 Questions

What is the role of the executive in a government?

Enforcing laws

Why does the Constitution separate the powers of different branches of government?

To ensure a balance of power

What does the term 'State' refer to in this context?

Sovereign people occupying territory

Why were members of the Constituent Assembly concerned about the executive becoming too strong?

To avoid misuse of power

What distinguishes a State from a government?

Representing a sovereign people

What is the primary function of the judiciary in a country?

Interpreting laws

Why is a Constitution important in a democratic country?

To limit the power of the government

What is the difference in who exercises Executive Power in the 1990 and 2015 Constitutions of Nepal?

Executive power with His Majesty and Council of Ministers vs. Council of Ministers

What is a possible consequence if elected representatives had unlimited power?

Possible abuse of power by elected representatives

In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families. Who represents the minority in this situation?

Students from less fortunate families

What is the significance of respecting minority views in a democratic setup?

To encourage healthy debate and inclusivity

Which of the following is a primary function of a Constitution in a democratic country?

To define the structure of government and protect citizens' rights

What is the significance of the separation of powers in a democratic country?

It prevents concentration of power in a single organ of government

How does federalism in India differ from a unitary system of government?

Federalism gives states authority derived from the Constitution, while unitary systems do not have states

Why is universal adult suffrage considered important in a democracy?

It encourages a democratic mindset and empowers citizens

What role did the Constituent Assembly play in the establishment of India's Constitution?

It drafted and adopted the Constitution of India

How are representatives in a democratic system held accountable?

They are accountable to the people who elected them

What is the primary function of the executive branch in a democratic government?

Implementing laws and policies

Study Notes

The Three Organs of Government

  • The executive is responsible for implementing laws and running the government.
  • The judiciary refers to the system of courts in the country.
  • The Constitution ensures that each organ exercises different powers to prevent the misuse of power and maintain a balance of power.

The Difference between State and Government

  • The term 'State' refers to a political institution that represents a sovereign people who occupy a definite territory.
  • The State has a democratic form of government, but the government can change with elections.
  • The State refers to more than just the government and cannot be used interchangeably with it.

Importance of a Constitution

  • A democratic country needs a Constitution to prevent the misuse of power by any one branch of government.
  • The Constitution ensures that each organ of government acts as a check on the other organs.

Key Features of the Indian Constitution

  • Federalism: States are not merely agents of the federal government but draw their authority from the Constitution.
  • All persons in India are governed by laws and policies made by each of the three levels of government.
  • Parliamentary Form of Government: The government consists of representatives who are elected by the people.
  • Universal Adult Suffrage: The Constitution guarantees the right to vote for all citizens.
  • Separation of Powers: The three organs of government - legislature, executive, and judiciary - have different powers.

The Importance of Respect for the Minority

  • In a democratic setup, it is essential to respect the views of the minority to ensure their rights and interests are protected.
  • Reasons for respecting the minority vary depending on the situation, but it is crucial to ensure their voices are heard.

Test your knowledge on the concept of separation of powers in government, as discussed in the text. Learn about the roles and responsibilities of the executive, judiciary, and legislative branches, and how they provide a system of checks and balances.

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