Geology for Civil Engineers: Earth's Internal Heat and Magmatism

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30 Questions

Vertebrate paleontology is the study of the fossil record of animals with ______

Invertebrate paleontology focuses on animals that lack ______

Invertebrate animals include sponges, corals, bryozoans, brachiopods, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, and ______

Paleobotany deals with the recovery and identification of plant remains from geological contexts to reconstruct past environments and the evolutionary history of ______

Palynology is the study of microscopic fragments of organisms composed of acid-resistant organic material found in sediments, sedimentary rocks, and metasedimentary rocks, including mega and ______

Mining Geology involves the application of geology to mining engineering for selecting suitable sites for quarrying and mines, combining principles of economic geology and mining engineering to develop defined ______ resources

The Transition zone is a region in the mantle where high-pressure conditions lead to changes in mineral ______

The Lower Mantle is composed of silicate minerals in a solid state due to high pressures, even though temperatures are ______

At the planet’s center, a dense metallic ______ lies

The Inner Core is solid and composed mainly of iron and ______

The Outer Core is primarily composed of liquid iron and ______

Continental drift describes one of the earliest ways geologists thought continents moved over ______

The stress that separated all the continents in the world is called ________.

Exogenic processes are influenced by gravity, water, wind, and ________.

Erosion is a process where rock debris or soil are moved due to rainfall, surface runoff, flooding, freezing, hurricane, and ________.

Mass wasting is the movement of large masses of materials due to the pull of ________.

Sedimentation is the buildup of materials such as soil, rock fragments, and soil particles settling on the ________.

Weathering is the disintegration of rocks, soil, and minerals through contact with the earth's ________.

Ocean engineering is instrumental in helping preserve coastal structures from ______

Engineers design ships and offshore structures to withstand challenging sea environments, considering factors like waves, currents, and ______

Rivers erode, transport, and deposit sediments, influencing the formation of ______

Wind erosion shapes ______ and transports particles

The shaking caused by movements in Earth’s outermost layer is known as an ______

Faults are fractures in rocks caused by ______ or the push-pull on the crust

The driving force behind Earth's internal heat is the mantle's 'THERMAL ______', which mostly originated from the decay of radioactive elements in the Earth's core.

Magma is the original material that make up ______ rock.

Volcanism occurs because of Earth's internal ______, and is associated with tectonic processes and a part of the rock cycle.

Volcanic eruptions occur when molten lava reaches the ______ of the Earth.

Due to endogenic processes igneous and ______ rocks are formed.

Compressional stress is usually what take place in folding which result in ______ building.

Description

Learn about Earth's internal heat and magmatism in the context of Geology for Civil Engineers course. Understand how the mantle's thermal energy drives endogenic processes like magmatism, which is responsible for the formation of magma and igneous rocks.

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