Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles & Duties in Indian Constitution

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______ are defined in Part III of the Indian Constitution from article 12 to 35 and applied irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed, sex, gender, and equality of opportunity in matters of employment. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to specific restrictions.

Fundamental Rights

The ______ are guidelines for the framing of laws by the government. These provisions, set out in Part IV of the Constitution, are not enforceable by the courts, but the principles on which they are based are fundamental guidelines for governance that the State is expected to apply in framing any policies and passing of laws.

Directive Principles of State Policy

The ______ are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India. These duties set out in Part IV–A of the Constitution, concern individuals and the nation.

Fundamental Duties

The Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties' are sections of the ______ that prescribe the fundamental obligations of the states to its citizens and the duties and the rights of the citizens to the State.

Constitution of India

These sections are considered vital elements of the constitution, which was developed between 1949 by the ______.

Constituent Assembly of India

Annie Besant drafted the Commonwealth of India Bill in 1925, specifically included demands for seven fundamental rights – individual liberty, freedom of conscience, free expression of opinion, freedom of assembly, non-discrimination on the ground of sex, free elementary education and free use of public spaces. In 1927, the INC resolved to set up a committee to draft a 'Swaraj Constitution' for India based on a declaration of rights that would provide safeguards against oppression. The 11-member committee, led by Motilal Nehru, was constituted in 1928. Its report made a number of recommendations, including proposing guaranteed fundamental rights to all Indians. These rights resembled those of the American Constitution and those adopted by post-war European countries, and several of them were adopted from the 1925 Bill. Several of these provisions were later replicated in various parts of the Indian Constitution, including the Fundamental Right itself to the defence of civil rights and economic freedom, with the stated objectives of putting an end to exploitation, providing social security and implementing land reforms. Other new rights proposed by the resolution were the prohibition of ______.

State monopolies

Test your knowledge about the Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, and Fundamental Duties outlined in the Constitution of India. Explore the constitutional obligations of the state towards its citizens and the rights and duties of the citizens. This quiz covers important sections of the Indian Constitution that were developed by the Constituent Assembly of India in 1949.

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