Functional Classification of Joints and Changes in the Human Skeleton

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47 Questions

Which type of bones are generally small and cube-shaped?

Short bones

What is the function of long bones in the body?

Facilitating movement as levers

Which bones are characterized by being thin, flattened, and usually curved?

Flat bones

What is the defining feature of irregular bones?

Fit into other bone classification categories

Where can sesamoid bones be found in the body?

Embedded in tendons

Which bones have a long central shaft called the diaphysis?

Long bones

What is the most widespread crippling disease in the United States?

Arthritis

Which type of arthritis is related to an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the joints?

Rheumatoid arthritis

What causes inflammation of joints in Gouty Arthritis?

Deposition of urate crystals

Which condition can lead to lower back pain, frequent broken bones, and loss of body height?

Osteoporosis

What is the likely cause of Osteoarthritis according to the text?

Normal aging processes

Which inflammatory condition is usually caused by a blow or friction?

Bursitis

Which type of joints are immovable?

Synarthroses

What replaces much of the hyaline cartilage in the human skeleton during development?

Bone

Which of the following is a type of bone fracture that does not penetrate the skin?

Closed (simple) fracture

In which parts of the body does cartilage remain even after skeletal development?

Bridge of the nose and parts of ribs

Which classification of joints allows for free movement?

Diarthroses

What is the name for the realignment of a broken bone during treatment?

Reduction

What is the role of the spinal column in the skeletal system?

Support for the upper body

Where are red and white blood cells produced in the skeletal system?

Marrow of bones

What is the main function of ligaments in the skeletal system?

Bone to muscle connection

Which bone tissue type is characterized by small needle-like pieces and many open spaces?

Spongy bone

What do bones store for later use in the human body?

Minerals like calcium

How many pairs of ribs are considered true ribs according to the text?

7 pairs

Which bones form the pectoral (shoulder) girdle?

Clavicle and Scapula

What bones make up the forearm in the upper limb?

Ulna and Radius

Which part of the body is formed by a single bone called the Humerus?

Arm

How many thoracic vertebrae are there according to the text?

12

Which part of the bony thorax functions to protect major organs like the heart and lungs?

Ribs

What is the function of sesamoid bones in the body?

To protect tendons from stress and wear

Which part of the body does the axial skeleton primarily support and protect?

Brain

What is the main role of the intervertebral discs in the vertebral column?

To provide cushioning between vertebrae

Which term describes bones that make up the structure of our face?

Facial bones

How are the bones of the skull joined together?

By fibrous joints called sutures

Which part of the body does the bony thorax primarily protect?

Lungs and heart

What is a recommended lifestyle change to help prevent osteoporosis?

Regular weight-bearing activities

Why do people with osteopenia have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis?

As a result of bone mass loss

What is the main cause of most childhood scoliosis?

Unknown

At what age does total bone mass typically peak?

35

Which nutrient is vital for maintaining strong bones according to the text?

Calcium

What is a common recommendation for preventing osteoporosis?

Regular exercise

What are the three pairs of fused bones that compose the hip bones?

Ilium, Ischium, Pubic bone

On what part of the body does the total weight of the upper body rest?

Pelvis

Which organs are protected by the pelvis?

Reproductive organs, Urinary bladder, Large intestine

Which bone is referred to as the 'thigh bone'?

Femur

How many bones are there in the leg?

Two: Tibia and Fibula

Which part of the body does the term 'Tarsus' refer to?

Ankle

Explore the functional classification of joints including synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses. Learn about the changes in the human skeleton from hyaline cartilage in embryos to bone development, with cartilage remaining in specific areas. Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings.

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