Fragmentation of the Mughal Empire in the Eighteenth Century

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What was the primary strategy employed by Murshid Quli Khan to reduce Mughal influence in Bengal?

All of the above

How did the state's revenue system allow new social groups to gain influence?

All of the above

What was the primary impact of Murshid Quli Khan's strict revenue collection on zamindars in Bengal?

Both A and B

Which of the following statements about the Mughal state's revenue system is NOT true?

Revenue farmers had no autonomy in tax assessment and collection

What strategy did the Mughal state employ to collect revenue?

Sold the right to collect tax to the highest bidders

Which of the following regions did the Mughal Empire gradually lose control over during the period described in the text?

Both B and C

Which of the following statements accurately describes the states carved out of the old Mughal provinces in the 18th century?

They were founded by members of the high Mughal nobility who had been governors of large provinces.

What was the common factor among the founders of Awadh, Bengal, and Hyderabad states?

They all had occupied high mansabdari positions and enjoyed the trust of the Mughal emperors.

Based on the information provided, which of the following statements is true regarding the zat ranks of the founders of Awadh, Bengal, and Hyderabad?

Sa'adat Khan (Awadh) had a lower zat rank than Asaf Jah (Hyderabad) and Murshid Quli Khan (Bengal).

What can be inferred about the relationship between the founders of Awadh, Bengal, and Hyderabad and the Mughal Empire?

They maintained formal ties with the Mughal emperor despite establishing independent states.

Which of the following groups of states is NOT mentioned in the passage as being part of the three overlapping groups in the 18th century?

States established by former Mughal nobles who had participated in military campaigns against the Mughals.

Based on the information provided, which of the following statements is true regarding the relationship between the Mughal Empire and the independent states in the 18th century?

Some independent states maintained formal ties with the Mughal emperor, while others had seized their independence through armed struggle.

Which of the following was a common feature among the regional states that emerged in the 18th century?

They contracted with revenue-farmers for tax collection, a practice known as ijaradari.

What was the relationship between the regional states and wealthy bankers and merchants?

The bankers and merchants lent money to revenue-farmers, received land as security, and collected taxes through their agents.

Which of the following statements about the regional state in Bengal under Alivardi Khan is true?

Bengal maintained a close connection between the state and bankers, similar to Hyderabad and Awadh.

What can be inferred about the military campaigns of the regional states from the given information?

There is no information provided about the military campaigns of the regional states.

Which of the following statements about trade routes in the 18th century is supported by the given information?

There is no information provided about trade routes in the given text.

Based on the information provided, which of the following statements is true about the separate states that emerged in the 18th century?

The separate states were highly suspicious of the administrative systems inherited from the Mughal Empire.

Explore the fragmentation of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century and the emergence of independent regional states. Learn about the different groups of states that existed during this period.

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