Fire Safety and Prevention

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25 Questions

What is the primary cause of wildfires in the United States?

Human activities

Which year saw the highest number of wildfires in Texas based on the provided data?

2022

What type of activities should be avoided during hot, dry, and windy conditions to prevent wildfires?

Using equipment that can create sparks

How should one prepare the location before building a campfire safely?

Remove grass and debris down to the soil

What was the total number of fires reported in Texas in 2022 excluding natural disasters and vehicle fires?

12,122

What is the recommended width or radius of the clearing around your workspace?

10-25 feet

How many people are sent to the ER each year in the United States due to fireworks?

Over 9,000 people

What should you have nearby if you plan to burn debris on your private property?

A water hose

What is a common cause of wildfires starting from 'holdover' debris piles?

Not stirring the ashes after burning

Why is it important to clear the area around your workspace?

To prevent wildfires from starting

What is the percentage by which working smoke alarms reduce the chances of dying in a fire?

50 percent

Which area should smoke alarms be installed for the best protection?

Every level of your home and in every sleeping area

What is the recommended distance for keeping candles away from flammable objects?

12 inches

What should preteens and teens know how to do when they hear the sound of a smoke alarm?

Get low and get out

What should families practice together in case of a fire emergency?

Practicing a home fire escape plan with two ways out

What should you do if you cannot safely escape your home or apartment during a fire?

Call 911 immediately and wait for help at the window with a light-colored cloth or flashlight.

Which outdoor hazard is mentioned in the text as a potential risk?

Sunburn

What was the total property loss realized as a result of fires reported by Texas fire departments in 2022?

$1,361,966,109

Which activity increases the risk of clothing ignition according to the text?

Careless smoking

What caused the highest number of civilian deaths in Texas due to fires in 2022?

Smoke and gas inhalation

What is the recommended method to ensure a campfire is completely out before leaving?

Douse it with water and stir, then repeat

Why should vehicles be kept off dry grass according to the text?

Vehicle exhaust can reach high temperatures and cause fires

What safety equipment is recommended to carry in a vehicle for outdoor activities?

Shovel, bucket, and fire extinguisher

Why is it important for off-highway vehicles to have a spark arrester?

To prevent sparks that could ignite wildfires

What maintenance check is recommended for trailers being towed according to the text?

Verify the tires are not worn and the bearings are greased

Study Notes

Fire Safety and Prevention

  • In case of a fire, choose a safe meeting spot outside the home, at a safe distance away.

Fire Hazards

  • Cigarette smoking, especially combined with drugs and alcohol, is a fire hazard.
  • Cooking hazards include contact with stoves or other appliances, hot liquids, and grease.
  • Flammable substances, such as gasoline, can start fires.
  • Mechanical equipment, such as car exhausts, radiators, batteries, and welding equipment, can cause burns.
  • Clothing ignition can result from careless smoking or cooking.
  • Smoke and gas inhalation from fires can be hazardous.

Fires in Texas

  • In 2022, there were 91,904 fires reported in Texas, resulting in 157 civilian deaths, 441 civilian injuries, 18 fire service member deaths, 454 fire service member injuries, and $1,361,966,109 in property loss.
  • There were 31,140 structure fires, 13,864 vehicle fires, and 69,930 "other" fires (grass, brush, etc.) in 2022.
  • In 2022, there were 12,111 wildfires, burning 650,712 acres.
  • In 2021, there were 6,039 wildfires, burning 158,612 acres.
  • In 2020, there were 7,233 wildfires, burning 256,750 acres.

Wildfire Prevention

  • Nationally, almost 9 out of 10 wildfires are caused by humans.
  • Check weather and drought conditions, which can affect vegetation flammability.
  • Avoid activities that involve fire or sparks when it's hot, dry, and windy.
  • Choose non-flammable options when conditions aren't right.
  • Pay attention to local restrictions and conditions before engaging in fire-related activities.

Campfire Safety

  • Build campfires in open locations, far from flammable materials.
  • Clear the area around the campfire, scraping away grass and leaves.
  • Cut wood into short lengths and pile it within the cleared area.
  • Always clear the area around your workspace.

Fireworks Safety

  • Fireworks start an estimated 19,000 fires and send over 9,000 people to the ER each year in the US.
  • Check local, federal, state, and city regulations before using fireworks.

Debris Burning Safety

  • Burn debris only when it's not windy, and make sure you have water nearby.
  • NEVER burn debris when it's windy or restricted.
  • Check with local fire authorities for burning restrictions and debris burning tips.

Fire Prevention and Safety Tips

  • Working smoke alarms reduce the risk of dying in a fire by nearly 50%.
  • Install smoke alarms on every level of your home and in every sleeping area.
  • Consider installing a smoke alarm with a 10-year battery.
  • Keep candles at least 12 inches away from anything that can burn.
  • Use common sense in the kitchen, and have a fire extinguisher nearby.
  • Practice feeling the door, doorknob, and cracks around the door with the back of your hand to see if they're too hot.
  • Have a family plan and practice a home fire escape plan with two ways out of the house.
  • Stay with your fire until it's extinguished completely.
  • Keep vehicles off dry grass, as exhaust can reach temperatures of 1,000+ degrees.
  • Regularly maintain your equipment and vehicle to prevent sparks.
  • Carry a shovel, bucket, and fire extinguisher in your vehicle to put out fires.
  • Check your tires, bearings, and axles on your trailer before towing.
  • Make sure you never operate equipment that produces sparks near dry vegetation.

Learn about the importance of clearing the area around your workspace before using fireworks. Understand the recommended width or radius of the clearing based on different conditions and regulations to prevent accidents and fires.

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