Federalist No. 78: Judiciary Department Summary

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Who argues that the judiciary's function of interpreting the Constitution and declaring acts contrary to it void necessitates a degree of independence?

Alexander Hamilton

What does Hamilton reject in relation to judicial review?

The notion that judicial review implies a superiority of the judiciary over the legislative branch

According to Federalist No. 78, why does Hamilton argue for the permanency of judicial offices?

To secure qualified and independent judges

In Federalist No. 10, who discusses the dangers of factions in a democratic government?

James Madison

How does Madison propose to address the issues caused by factions in Federalist No. 10?

By removing the causes or controlling the effects

What key concept is introduced by Madison in controlling the effects of factions in Federalist No. 10?

Republic

Which author wrote Federalist No. 39?

James Madison

According to Federalist No. 39, what does Madison compare the proposed Constitution to?

"Republican character"

What is the central idea of Federalist No. 68?

Ensuring that each department remains independent

According to Federalist No. 68, what is the significance of the people's input in choosing the President?

It ensures that the sense of the people operates directly in the selection process

What does Hamilton argue about having several electors chosen by each state, voting separately and in their respective states?

It reduces the potential for corruption and foreign influence

What does Hamilton emphasize about the method of appointing the President?

It should be made by individuals capable of analyzing the qualities required for the presidential office

What is one of the desired advantages highlighted by Hamilton for having men chosen by the people in electing the President?

Guards against foreign influence in the election process

What does Hamilton praise the Constitution for guarding against in relation to the President's appointment?

Potential for corruption, intrigue, and foreign influence

What does Hamilton argue about making the President's re-election depend on a special body of representatives?

It ensures the President's independence from influences that could compromise his duty

According to Federalist No. 68, why is it important to divide and arrange powers as a safeguard against potential abuses?

To prevent an undue concentration of power by creating a system where the branches mutually check each other

What does Hamilton believe about ambition and government?

Ambition should counteract ambition, with each branch having the means to resist encroachments from others.

What does Hamilton emphasize about the federal system in relation to individual rights?

The federal system provides double security to individual rights.

According to Federalist No. 78, which branch of government does Alexander Hamilton consider the least dangerous?

Judiciary

What is the proposed tenure for judges appointed by the United States, according to Federalist No. 78?

Tenure during good behavior

What does Hamilton consider valuable for maintaining an impartial judiciary in Federalist No. 78?

Tenure during good behavior

Which branch of government does Hamilton assert the judiciary depends on for the efficacy of its judgments in Federalist No. 78?

Executive

What does Hamilton emphasize will be confined to the current discussion in Federalist No. 78?

Judicial appointment process

What does Hamilton support as a provision aligning with the most approved state constitutions in Federalist No. 78?

Tenure during good behavior

How does Hamilton describe the judiciary's dependence on the other branches of government in Federalist No. 78?

'Depends on both force and will'

In Federalist No. 78, what is considered to be a standard for continuance in office valuable for maintaining an impartial judiciary?

'Good behavior'

What does Hamilton consider valuable for maintaining a federal judicature according to Federalist No. 78?

'A manner of constituting the judiciary'

According to Federalist No. 78, what does Hamilton emphasize as established in previous Federalist Papers?

'The utility and necessity of a federal judicature'

Test your knowledge of the key points and arguments in Federalist No. 78, authored by Alexander Hamilton, which discusses the judiciary department of the proposed government under the Constitution. This quiz provides a summary of the main ideas presented in the document.

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