Federalist No. 10 by James Madison

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According to Federalist No. 10, how does James Madison define factions?

Groups driven by common interests against the rights of others

What does James Madison propose as a remedy for the adverse effects of factions in Federalist No. 10?

Controlling the effects of factions

In Federalist No. 10, what form of government does James Madison advocate for as a solution to the threat of factions?

Republic

According to Federalist No. 10, why does James Madison emphasize the delegation of government to elected representatives in a republic?

To ensure minority rights are protected

In Federalist No. 10, what does James Madison contend about the republic's structure in relation to factions?

It provides a pragmatic remedy for the challenges posed by factions

According to Federalist No. 39, what does James Madison explore with regards to the proposed government plan?

Its alignment with republican principles

In Federalist No. 39, how does James Madison define a republic?

A government deriving powers from the people and administered by officials chosen by them for a limited period

Who is attributed with writing Federalist No. 51?

James Madison

What is the central idea of Federalist No. 51?

The necessity of checks and balances within the government structure

According to Federalist No. 51, what should counteract ambition?

Ambition

What does Federalist No. 51 emphasize the importance of in a government?

Controlling both the governed and itself

Who wrote Federalist No. 68?

Alexander Hamilton

What does Federalist No. 68 focus on?

The mode of electing the President

According to Federalist No. 68, who is supposed to be chosen as electors for the President?

Chosen by their fellow-citizens

What does Federalist No. 68 praise the Constitution for guarding against?

Corruption and intrigue in the election process

'Good behavior' as a standard for the continuance in office for judges is considered valuable for maintaining what according to Hamilton?

'Good behavior' as a standard for maintaining an impartial judiciary

What is considered essential according to Hamilton to guard against legislative encroachments?

An independent judiciary

According to Hamilton, what is the judiciary's authority regarding legislative acts?

To interpret the Constitution and declare acts inconsistent with it as void

How does Hamilton view the Constitution in relation to the legislature and judiciary?

The Constitution is superior to both the legislature and the judiciary

In cases of conflicting statutes, what does Hamilton assert about judicial discretion?

The last in order of time should be preferred, but this is a rule of construction, not derived from positive law

What is Hamilton's stance on the permanency of judicial offices?

Periodic appointments would be detrimental to judicial independence

What does Hamilton emphasize as crucial for securing qualified and independent judges?

The voluminous code of laws in a free government requires judges with a deep understanding of the law

What does Hamilton conclude is essential to guard the Constitution and individual rights against legislative encroachments?

Independence of the judiciary

What example does Hamilton cite as a demonstration of the excellence of a judiciary with good behavior as the tenure of judicial offices?

Great Britain

According to Hamilton, how does judicial review affect the superiority of the judiciary over the legislative branch?

Judicial review implies a superiority of the Constitution over both the legislature and the judiciary

What does Hamilton argue about periodic appointments to judicial offices?

Periodic appointments would be detrimental to judicial independence

What does Hamilton state about conflicting statutes?

The last in order of time should be preferred, but this is a rule of construction, not derived from positive law

What does Hamilton assert regarding judges in a free government?

Judges require a deep understanding of law due to the voluminous code of laws in a free government

According to Hamilton, why is independence of the judiciary essential?

To guard the Constitution and individual rights against legislative encroachments

Explore the key themes and arguments presented in Federalist No. 10, authored by James Madison in 1787. Understand Madison's exploration of the threat of factions in democratic governments and his proposed remedies. Learn about the concept of factions and the benefits of a republic as a solution to mitigate their adverse effects.

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