Exponents and Powers: Basic Concepts and Laws

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16 Questions

What does the exponent in the expression $5^3$ indicate?

The base number is multiplied by itself 3 times

How can powers be expressed?

Using exponents or multiplication

What does a negative exponent indicate?

Repeated division

According to the 'Product of Powers' law, what is the product of (ab)^n?

$a^n * b^n$

What property of exponents states that raising a power to another power results in multiplying the exponents?

Power of a Power

If 5^2 represents 5 * 5, what does 5^{-2} represent?

$1/5 * 1/5$

What is the value of $2^4$?

16

If a is a nonzero number, then what is a^0 equal to?

1

What does the Quotient of Powers property state for two powers with the same base?

(a/b)^n = a^n / b^n

Which law of exponents allows us to simplify the expression (a + b)^n using the binomial theorem?

Power of a Sum

According to the laws of exponents, what is the result of (5^3)^2?

5^(3*2)

What does the Negative Exponent property state for a nonzero number 'a'?

a^{-n} = 1/a^n

What is the result of 2^2 * 3^2 according to the laws of exponents?

(2 * 3)^2

What is the result of (2 * 3)^3 according to the laws of exponents?

(2^3 * 3^3)

What is the result of (a^5/a^2) according to the Quotient of Powers law?

(a^(5-2))

'Any nonzero number raised to the power of one is equal to the number itself' - This statement represents which law of exponents?

One Exponent

Study Notes

Exponents and Powers

Exponents and powers are mathematical concepts that are used to represent repeated multiplication. This article will cover the basic concepts of exponents and powers, as well as the laws of exponents that govern their behavior.

Basic Concepts

An exponent is a number that indicates how many times a base number is multiplied by itself. For example, in the expression 5^3, the exponent 3 indicates that the base number 5 is multiplied by itself three times. The value of this expression is 5 * 5 * 5, which is equal to 125.

Powers can be expressed using exponents, or they can be written using multiplication. For example, 5^3 and 5 * 5 * 5 are equivalent expressions.

Exponents can be positive or negative. A positive exponent indicates repeated multiplication, while a negative exponent indicates repeated division. For example, 5^2 represents 5 * 5, while 5^{-2} represents 1/5 * 1/5, which is equal to 1/25.

Laws of Exponents

There are several laws of exponents that govern the behavior of exponents and powers. These laws allow us to simplify and manipulate expressions involving exponents.

  1. Product of Powers: If a and b are nonzero numbers, then (ab)^n = a^n b^n. This law states that the product of two powers with the same base is equal to the product of the bases raised to the same power.
  2. Quotient of Powers: If a and b are nonzero numbers, then (a/b)^n = a^n / b^n. This law states that the quotient of two powers with the same base is equal to the quotient of the bases raised to the same power.
  3. Power of a Power: If a is a nonzero number and n is a natural number, then (a^n)^m = a^(nm). This law states that raising a power to another power results in multiplying the exponents.
  4. Zero Exponent: If a is a nonzero number, then a^0 = 1. This law states that any nonzero number raised to the power of zero is equal to one.
  5. One Exponent: If a is a nonzero number, then a^1 = a. This law states that any nonzero number raised to the power of one is equal to the number itself.
  6. Negative Exponent: If a is a nonzero number, then a^{-n} = 1/a^n. This law states that the negative exponent can be interpreted as the reciprocal of the base raised to the positive exponent.
  7. Power of a Sum: If a and b are nonzero numbers, then (a + b)^n can be expanded using the binomial theorem, which states that (a + b)^n = a^n + na^(n-1)b + na^(n-2)b^2 + ... + b^n.

These laws of exponents allow us to simplify and manipulate expressions involving exponents. For example, we can use the product of powers law to simplify the expression (2 * 3)^2: (2 * 3)^2 = 2^2 * 3^2 = 4 * 9 = 36.

We can also use the power of a power law to simplify the expression (5^3)^2: (5^3)^2 = 5^(3*2) = 5^6.

In conclusion, exponents and powers are mathematical concepts that allow us to represent repeated multiplication. The laws of exponents provide a set of rules for simplifying and manipulating expressions involving exponents. These laws are essential tools for working with exponents and powers in algebra and other mathematical fields.

Explore the basic concepts of exponents and powers, including the laws that govern their behavior. Learn how to represent repeated multiplication using exponents and simplify expressions using the laws of exponents.

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