## 12 Questions

What is a geometric sequence?

A geometric sequence consists of terms whose ratios between consecutive elements are constant.

How can you find the nth term of a geometric sequence?

The nth term of a geometric sequence can be found using the formula $a_{n} = ar^{n-1}$.

What happens to a geometric sequence when the common ratio is greater than 1?

The geometric sequence increases exponentially when the common ratio is greater than 1.

Describe the behavior of a geometric sequence when the common ratio is between 0 and 1.

The geometric sequence decreases exponentially when the common ratio is between 0 and 1.

What type of growth does a geometric sequence exhibit when the common ratio is equal to 1?

When the common ratio is 1, the geometric sequence grows linearly.

What is the significance of the initial term and common ratio in a geometric sequence?

The initial term and common ratio determine the pattern of growth or decay in a geometric sequence.

What is the main difference between a sequence and a series?

A sequence is an ordered list of numbers, while a series is the sum of the terms in a sequence.

What is the key characteristic of a geometric sequence?

The common ratio between consecutive terms is always the same.

If the initial term of a geometric sequence is 3 and the common ratio is 2, what is the second term?

6

What is the formula to find the sum of the first n terms of a geometric series?

rac{a_{1}(1 - r^{n})}{1 - r}

If the first three terms of a geometric sequence are 2, 4, and 8, what is the common ratio?

2

What happens to the sum of an infinite geometric series if the common ratio is greater than 1?

It diverges to infinity.

## Study Notes

## Sequences and Series: Exploring Geometric Patterns

Sequences and series represent ordered collections of numbers where each term is calculated based on specific rules or patterns. Within this family, geometric sequences and series have distinct characteristics due to their exponential growth or decay nature. Let's dive into these unique mathematical entities to uncover their inherent beauty and practical applications.

### Defining a Geometric Sequence

A *geometric sequence* consists of terms whose ratios between consecutive elements are constant. In other words, if (a_{n}) represents the nth term of a geometrical sequence with initial value (a_{1}=a), then every subsequent term can be found by multiplying the previous one by a fixed nonzero factor called the *common ratio*, denoted by (r):

[a_{n} = r \cdot a_{n-1}, ; n > 1]

In practice, we can find any given term in a geometric sequence using the formula (a_{n} = ar^{n-1}).

### Characteristics of Geometric Sequences

Geometric sequences exhibit several distinguishing features because of their common ratio property. For instance, geometric sequences either increase exponentially when (r>1) or decrease exponentially when (0 < r< 1). Conversely, they grow linearly ((r=1)) or shrink rapidly towards zero in cases where (r<0).

Furthermore, finding the sum of consecutive terms within a finite length geometric sequence poses an interesting challenge. This total amount, referred to as the *series*, follows its own set of rules.

### Finding Sums of Geometric Series

The general form for calculating the sum of a finite number of terms in a geometric series is as follows:

[S_{N} = \frac{a_{1}(1 - r^N)}{1 - r},; N \geqslant 1,\text{ and } r \neq 1 ]

While this expression may seem daunting initially, it simplifies significantly once you realize how it works. By dividing the product of the first element multiplied by the difference between its final position and the beginning one, and then divide this result by the difference between one and the common ratio, you will obtain the desired sum.

### Applications of Geometric Sequences and Series

Considering their properties, there exist many ways to apply geometric sequences and series in real life situations. For example, compound interest calculation, population dynamics modeling, fractal geometry exploration, and probability estimations all revolve around concepts related to geometric sequences and series. Furthermore, understanding these fundamentals opens doors for more advanced studies such as Fourier analysis and power series expansions in higher mathematics courses like Calculus and Analysis.

In summary, investigating the world of geometric sequences and series allows us to delve deeper into fascinating areas like exponential growth, infinite progression, and complex problem solving techniques rooted deeply in mathematics. So embrace your curiosity and explore further!

Delve into the world of geometric sequences and series, where patterns unfold through exponential growth or decay. Learn about the common ratio property, formulas for finding terms and sums, and practical applications in compound interest, population dynamics, and more.

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