Evolution of Policing System in the Philippines

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18 Questions

When was the Carabineros de Seguridad Publica organized?

1842

What was the primary purpose of Carabineros de Seguridad Publica when it was organized in 1712?

Carrying out state regulations

Who were the Guardia Civil composed mostly of?

Filipinos

What did the Royal Decree of January 8, 1836 establish?

The Guardilleros as rural police

Who headed the United States Philippine Commission that established the Metropolitan Police Force of Manila?

General William Howard Taft

Which event led to the establishment of the Metropolitan Police Force of Manila?

Act No 70 of the Taft Commission

Who was the first chief of the Philippine Constabulary in 1901?

Henry T. Allen

What was the act that changed the name of the Insular Constabulary to Philippine Constabulary?

Act No 255

Who was the first chief of police of the Manila Police Department in 1901?

George Curry

Which act created the Manila Police Department in 1901?

Act No 183

What act established the Philippine Constabulary as one of the four services of the Armed Forces of the Philippines in 1940?

Executive Order 389

Which act created the Police Commission to oversee the training and professionalization of local police forces?

RA 4864

Who was the first Filipino Chief of the Philippine Constabulary in 1917?

Brig. Gen. Rafael Crame

When was the Manila Police Department reconstituted according to the text?

January 2, 1942

Which act provided for the professionalization of the police force by giving appropriate examinations to officers and members of the police force?

Republic Act #6040

What was the Kenpeitai in Japan known for primarily?

Both conventional military police and secret police force

Under which agency does NAPOLCOM fall according to the text?

Department of National Defense

When did Republic Act #8551, known as the PNP Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998, come into effect?

February 25, 1998

Study Notes

Early Years of Law Enforcement

  • The Carabineros de Seguridad Publica was organized in 1712.
  • The primary purpose of Carabineros de Seguridad Publica was to maintain public order and security.

Guardia Civil

  • The Guardia Civil was composed mostly of retired army personnel.

Establishment of Metropolitan Police Force of Manila

  • The Royal Decree of January 8, 1836 established the Metropolitan Police Force of Manila.
  • The establishment of the Metropolitan Police Force of Manila was led by the United States Philippine Commission, headed by William Howard Taft.

Philippine Constabulary

  • The first chief of the Philippine Constabulary in 1901 was Captain Henry T. Allen.
  • The Philippine Constabulary was previously known as the Insular Constabulary before it was changed by an act in 1901.
  • The Philippine Constabulary was established as one of the four services of the Armed Forces of the Philippines in 1940 by an act.

Manila Police Department

  • The first chief of police of the Manila Police Department in 1901 was Captain George C. Hayward.
  • The Manila Police Department was created in 1901 by an act.

Reorganization and Professionalization

  • An act created the Police Commission to oversee the training and professionalization of local police forces.
  • The first Filipino Chief of the Philippine Constabulary in 1917 was Colonel Rafael Crame.
  • The Manila Police Department was reconstituted according to the text in 1901.
  • An act provided for the professionalization of the police force by giving appropriate examinations to officers and members of the police force.

Other Agencies

  • The Kenpeitai in Japan was primarily known for its role as a military police force.
  • NAPOLCOM falls under the Office of the President.
  • Republic Act #8551, known as the PNP Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998, came into effect in 1998.

Learn about the historical evolution of the policing system in the Philippines, focusing on Carabineros de Seguridad Publica. Explore the organization and administration of law enforcement with insights from Arnold A. Abayon, MSCJ.

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