Ethics and Moral Philosophy Quiz

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MercifulMedusa
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30 Questions

What is the primary focus of normative ethics?

Examining whether an act should be performed

Which of the following is NOT one of the six characteristics of moral standards according to Velasquez (2012)?

Being determined by authority figures

Which term refers to the set of guidelines intended to help professionals differentiate between right and wrong in their decision-making?

Professional code of ethics

What is the primary focus of meta-ethics?

Determining the meaning of moral terms

Which of the following factors does the text NOT mention as influencing moral standards?

The personal preferences and biases of an individual

What is the primary distinction between moral standards and non-moral standards, according to the text?

Moral standards are related to social and legal considerations, while non-moral standards are not

Which of the following is NOT considered a source of moral values according to the text?

Personal preferences and desires

What is a moral/ethical dilemma according to the text?

A situation where a person has to make a choice but faces conflicting moral values

Which of the following is NOT listed as one of the three levels of moral dilemmas in the text?

Societal dilemma

What is an example of an organizational dilemma?

A leader's actions to maintain financial integrity

What does the concept of 'structural moral dilemma' refer to according to the text?

Selecting proper systems of responsibilities and relationships

Which of the following factors is mentioned in the text as influencing an individual's ethical standards?

Peer pressure

What does the term 'nature' primarily refer to according to the passage?

The material world that exists independently of human activities

What is the primary meaning of 'health' as described in the passage?

The general condition of the body or mind with reference to soundness and vigor

What is the key aspect of 'dignity' according to the passage?

All of the above

What is the meaning of 'pakikisama' according to the passage?

Sense of togetherness usually being practiced to avoid clash with other people or a certain group having and maintaining good public relations

What is the meaning of 'utang na loob' according to the passage?

Debt or gratitude recognizing and returning the favor to that person in the same measure who helps them in times of need

What is the meaning of 'hiya/kahihiyan' according to the passage?

Sense of shame that avoids doing things that may dishonor their family's name and reputation

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Filipino culture according to the text?

Filipinos are materialistic

Which of the following is a way that culture defines the normative principles and behaviors of society?

By establishing common beliefs and ideals

What does the text suggest about the relationship between culture and moral development?

Culture helps generate the moral character of its people

Which of the following is NOT included in the scope of culture?

Scientific discoveries

What does the text suggest about the role of culture in setting boundaries and limitations?

Culture helps set boundaries and limitations as people live and relate with one another

Which of the following is NOT an aspect of culture?

Scientific theories

What is the primary concern of justice according to the text?

The nature of interpersonal relationships

Which of the following statements about justice is true according to the text?

Justice involves external acts that influence others directly or indirectly

What is more valuable in the context of justice?

Interpersonal relationships (voluntary)

Which of the following is a principle of taxation in the Philippines according to the text?

The rules of taxation shall be uniform and equal

What is the National Internal Revenue Code in the Philippines?

Both B and C

Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a source of taxation in the Philippines according to the text?

Customs and import duties

Test your knowledge on the empirical study of moral decisions, the discipline concerned with right or wrong, normative ethics, applied ethics, meta-ethics, moral standards, and more.

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