Essence of Traditional Knowledge: Definition and Meaning

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What does traditional knowledge refer to?

All of the above

How is traditional knowledge transmitted from generation to generation?

Orally

What are some forms in which traditional knowledge takes?

Both A and B

To whom does traditional knowledge primarily belong?

Indigenous and local communities

What makes traditional knowledge collectively owned?

The involvement of multiple communities

What does 'traditional knowledge' encompass?

All tradition-based innovations and creations

What categories does traditional knowledge include, according to the World Intellectual Property Office (WIPO)?

Agricultural knowledge, medicinal knowledge, biodiversity-related knowledge, and expressions of folklore

How is traditional knowledge transmitted?

Through oral tradition across generations

According to Native people, what does traditional knowledge cover?

Knowledge of the environment, relationships between things, and practical common sense

What is traditional knowledge rooted in, according to Native people?

Spiritual health, culture, and language of the people

How do indigenous people view traditional knowledge?

As a dynamic, cumulative, and stable system of wisdom

Why do some science practitioners incorrectly trivialize traditional understanding?

Because they collect traditional knowledge without contextual elements

What hampers the communication of traditional knowledge for many indigenous people today?

The competition from other cultures capturing the imagination of the young

As elders die, what happens to the richness of tradition?

It becomes lost as some of it has not been passed on

Why is it important to find ways of preserving traditional knowledge?

To prevent the loss of valuable cultural heritage

What is one reason why indigenous people find it difficult to pass on traditional knowledge to the young?

The influence of technology teaching non-indigenous ways to the young

What is the primary characteristic of traditional knowledge?

Collectively owned and orally transmitted

What does traditional knowledge encompass, according to the World Intellectual Property Office (WIPO)?

All tradition-based literary, artistic or scientific works; performances; inventions; scientific discoveries; designs; marks, names and symbols; undisclosed information; and all other tradition-based innovations and creations resulting from intellectual activity

What is the source of traditional knowledge?

Experiences gained over the centuries and adapted to local culture and environment

How is traditional knowledge primarily transmitted?

Orally from generation to generation

What are some forms in which traditional knowledge is expressed?

Oral traditions, stories, songs, folklore, proverbs, cultural values, beliefs, rituals

Why is it important to preserve traditional knowledge?

'It is essential for maintaining cultural identity and biodiversity.'

What is the primary focus of traditional knowledge according to the World Intellectual Property Office (WIPO)?

Medicinal and agricultural knowledge

How do Native people define traditional knowledge?

It is rooted in the spiritual health, culture, and language of the people.

What hampers the communication of traditional knowledge for many indigenous people today?

Competition from other cultures capturing the imagination of the young

Why do some science practitioners incorrectly trivialize traditional understanding?

They collect traditional knowledge without contextual elements

How is traditional knowledge transmitted according to Native people?

Transmitted orally across generations

What does traditional knowledge primarily cover according to Native people?

Knowledge of the environment and the relationships between things

Why is it important to find ways of preserving traditional knowledge?

To ensure it is not lost as elders die

What does 'traditional knowledge' encompass according to the World Intellectual Property Office (WIPO)?

'Artesanat' (Handicrafts)

What is one reason why indigenous people find it difficult to pass on traditional knowledge to the young?

'Bombardment by technology' teaching non-indigenous ways

Study Notes

What is Traditional Knowledge?

  • Traditional knowledge refers to the knowledge, innovations, and practices of indigenous and local communities around the world.

Characteristics of Traditional Knowledge

  • Traditional knowledge is collectively owned and primarily belongs to the community.
  • It is rooted in the community's history, culture, and surroundings.
  • It is primarily transmitted orally from generation to generation.

Forms of Traditional Knowledge

  • Traditional knowledge takes many forms, including stories, songs, dances, and rituals.
  • It is expressed through art, crafts, and other creative expressions.
  • It includes agricultural practices, medicines, and conservation techniques.

World Intellectual Property Office (WIPO) Classification

  • According to WIPO, traditional knowledge includes four categories:
    • Genetic resources
    • Traditional cultural expressions
    • Traditional knowledge and practices
    • Genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with them

Importance of Preserving Traditional Knowledge

  • Traditional knowledge is important for the community's identity and cultural heritage.
  • It provides a wealth of information and innovative solutions to environmental and social challenges.
  • Preserving traditional knowledge is essential to ensure its continuity and passing it on to future generations.

Challenges in Preserving Traditional Knowledge

  • The death of elders results in the loss of the richness of tradition.
  • Many indigenous people face difficulties in passing on traditional knowledge to the young due to language barriers, cultural differences, and lack of opportunities.
  • Communication is hindered by factors such as urbanization, migration, and cultural suppression.

View of Traditional Knowledge by Indigenous People

  • Indigenous people view traditional knowledge as a valuable and sacred part of their identity.
  • They believe it is rooted in their history, culture, and surroundings.
  • They consider it a collective asset that belongs to the community.

Misconceptions about Traditional Knowledge

  • Some science practitioners incorrectly trivialize traditional understanding, viewing it as unscientific or inferior.
  • This misunderstanding hampers the recognition and appreciation of traditional knowledge.

Learn about the definition and meaning of traditional knowledge, including its significance and impact on indigenous and local communities worldwide. Gain insights into the innovations and practices developed from centuries of experience.

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