Environmental Justice and Early Actions

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What is the definition of Environmental Justice (EJ)?

The fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people with respect to environmental laws, regulations, and policies

What is the difference between equality and equity in the context of Environmental Justice (EJ)?

Equality is the same treatment for all, while equity is the fair treatment that accounts for differences in needs and circumstances

What is Environmental Injustice?

When some groups suffer more harms and risks due to another group seeking benefits

What was the purpose of the National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit?

To broaden the EJ movement beyond anti-toxic chemical stances

What was the purpose of the Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations signed by President Clinton in 1994?

To provide federal actions to address EJ concerns

What is the role of the SouthWest Organizing Project (SWOP) and Indigenous Environmental Network?

To empower communities and protect their sacred sites, natural resources, and health

What is the goal of EJ communities?

To prioritize sustainable development, decent jobs, quality education, housing, and healthcare, democratic decision-making, and safety

What is the definition of Environmental Justice (EJ)?

The fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people with respect to environmental laws, regulations, and policies

What is the difference between equality and equity in Environmental Justice (EJ)?

Equality aims for fairness, while equity aims for equal access to environmental protection and decision-making processes

What is Environmental Injustice?

When some groups suffer more harms and risks due to another group seeking benefits

What do Environmental Justice (EJ) communities prioritize?

Sustainable development and democratic decision-making

What was the purpose of the EPA's Office of Environmental Justice?

To integrate EJ into EPA policies and provide federal actions to address EJ concerns

What did the Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations do?

Provided federal actions to address EJ concerns and highlighted the disproportionate burden of pollution on low-income communities and communities of color

What was the purpose of the SouthWest Organizing Project (SWOP) and Indigenous Environmental Network?

To empower communities and protect their sacred sites, natural resources, and health

Study Notes

Overview of Environmental Justice and Early Actions

  • African American neighborhoods in Houston were often chosen for toxic waste sites
  • Over 15 million African Americans, 8 million Latinos, and half of all Asian/Pacific Islanders and Native Americans resided in communities with at least one abandoned or uncontrolled toxic waste site
  • Environmental Justice (EJ) is defined as the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people with respect to environmental laws, regulations, and policies
  • EJ aims for equal access to environmental protection and decision-making processes
  • The definition of EJ misses nuances between equality and equity and erases the identities and experiences of those facing EJ concerns
  • Environmental Injustice occurs when some groups suffer more harms and risks due to another group seeking benefits
  • EJ communities prioritize sustainable development, decent jobs, quality education, housing, and healthcare, democratic decision-making, and safety
  • EJ encompasses protection of environmental, health, employment, education, housing, transportation, and civil rights laws
  • The first National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit broadened the EJ movement beyond anti-toxic chemical stances
  • In 1992, EPA's Office of Environmental Justice was created to integrate EJ into EPA policies and provide technical and financial assistance
  • In 1994, President Clinton signed the Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations, which provided federal actions to address EJ concerns and highlighted the disproportionate burden of pollution on low-income communities and communities of color
  • The SouthWest Organizing Project (SWOP) and Indigenous Environmental Network were founded to empower communities and protect their sacred sites, natural resources, and health.

Test your knowledge on environmental justice and early actions with this informative quiz! Learn about the history of environmental injustices in communities of color and the founding of the environmental justice movement. Explore the nuances between equality and equity and the goals of environmental justice communities. See how federal actions and organizations have aimed to address environmental justice concerns. Take this quiz to deepen your understanding of this important topic.

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