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The Enlightenment (Science and Empire, 1650-1790s)

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During the Enlightenment, which European monarch became known as a patron of Enlightenment thinkers?

Louis XIV

Which term refers to the belief in the absolute authority of the monarch?

Absolutism

What core feature of the Enlightenment emphasized the use of reason and logic?

Rationalism

Which European monarch famously declared "L'État, c'est moi" ("I am the state")?

Louis XIV

The Enlightenment challenged traditional hierarchies and authoritarian rule by promoting the importance of:

Individual rights

Enlightenment thinkers advocated for the separation of:

Church and state

Which term describes the interconnectedness of different cultures and societies during the Enlightenment?

Cosmopolitanism

What was a key aspect of the Enlightenment's view on tolerance?

Advocacy for freedom of thought

Scientific expeditions sponsored by European powers during the Enlightenment contributed to:

The expansion of knowledge

The caste system in colonial Latin America was based on:

Wealth

Enlightenment thinkers often critiqued which system of social organization?

Feudalism

The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of which intellectual tool for understanding the world?

Reason

Which Enlightenment thinker famously wrote "The Social Contract"?

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The Enlightenment contributed to the advancement of which field of study?

Philosophy

Which term describes the belief in the equality of all people?

Egalitarianism

Louis XIV's reign is often associated with which term, signifying his centralized power?

Absolutism

The Enlightenment challenged the authority of which institution?

The Church

Enlightenment thinkers promoted which of the following for the betterment of society?

Rational thought

Cosmopolitanism during the Enlightenment encouraged:

Nationalism

The Enlightenment contributed to the rise of which political ideology?

Liberalism

Scientific expeditions during the Enlightenment often focused on:

Studying the cosmos

Which Enlightenment thinker advocated for the separation of powers in government?

Montesquieu

The caste system in colonial Latin America was primarily based on:

Race

The Enlightenment challenged traditional authority and promoted:

Reason and individualism

Enlightenment thinkers often critiqued which social hierarchy?

Caste system

Louis XIV of France was known for his support of which system of government?

Absolutism

The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of which intellectual pursuit?

Empiricism

Which Enlightenment thinker is known for his advocacy of religious tolerance and freedom of speech?

Voltaire

The Enlightenment challenged traditional beliefs and promoted:

Reason and rationality

The caste system in colonial Latin America was primarily based on:

Social status

The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of which intellectual tool?

Logic

Which Enlightenment thinker is known for his work "Two Treatises of Government"?

Locke

Scientific expeditions during the Enlightenment often focused on:

Mapping uncharted territories

Which Enlightenment thinker advocated for the idea of a social contract between rulers and the ruled?

Locke

The Enlightenment challenged traditional authority and promoted:

Reason and individualism

The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of which intellectual pursuit?

Empiricism

Which Enlightenment thinker is known for his advocacy of religious tolerance and freedom of speech?

Voltaire

The Enlightenment challenged traditional beliefs and promoted:

Reason and rationality

The caste system in colonial Latin America was primarily based on:

Social status

The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of which intellectual tool?

Logic

Which Enlightenment thinker is known for his work "Two Treatises of Government"?

Locke

Scientific expeditions during the Enlightenment often focused on:

Mapping uncharted territories

Which Enlightenment thinker advocated for the idea of a social contract between rulers and the ruled?

Locke

The Enlightenment challenged traditional authority and promoted:

Reason and individualism

The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of which intellectual pursuit?

Empiricism

Which Enlightenment thinker is known for his advocacy of religious tolerance and freedom of speech?

Voltaire

The Enlightenment challenged traditional beliefs and promoted:

Reason and rationality

The caste system in colonial Latin America was primarily based on:

Social status

The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of which intellectual tool?

Logic

Which Enlightenment thinker is known for his work "Two Treatises of Government"?

Locke

Absolute monarchs ruled with an iron fist and could do whatever they wanted.

False

Who is also known as the Sun King?

Louis XIV

Study Notes

The Enlightenment

  • The European monarch known for being a patron of Enlightenment thinkers was Frederick the Great of Prussia.
  • The term "divine right" refers to the belief in the absolute authority of the monarch.
  • The Enlightenment emphasized the use of reason and logic to understand the world.

Monarchs and Power

  • Louis XIV of France famously declared "L'État, c'est moi" ("I am the state"), signifying his centralized power.
  • Louis XIV's reign is often associated with the term "absolutism", signifying his centralized power.

Challenging Traditional Authority

  • The Enlightenment challenged traditional hierarchies and authoritarian rule by promoting the importance of individual rights and freedoms.
  • Enlightenment thinkers advocated for the separation of church and state.
  • The Enlightenment challenged the authority of the Catholic Church.

Cosmopolitanism and Tolerance

  • Cosmopolitanism during the Enlightenment encouraged the interconnectedness of different cultures and societies.
  • A key aspect of the Enlightenment's view on tolerance was the acceptance of different religious beliefs and practices.

Science and Exploration

  • Scientific expeditions sponsored by European powers during the Enlightenment contributed to the discovery of new lands and the expansion of scientific knowledge.
  • Scientific expeditions during the Enlightenment often focused on the natural world and the discovery of new species.

Social Organization

  • The Enlightenment thinkers often critiqued the feudal system of social organization.
  • The caste system in colonial Latin America was primarily based on race and social status.

Intellectual Tools

  • The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of reason and logic as intellectual tools for understanding the world.
  • The Enlightenment thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau famously wrote "The Social Contract", advocating for the idea of a social contract between rulers and the ruled.
  • The Enlightenment thinker John Locke is known for his work "Two Treatises of Government", advocating for the separation of powers in government.

Political Ideology

  • The Enlightenment contributed to the rise of the political ideology of liberalism.
  • The Enlightenment promoted the idea of democracy and the importance of individual rights and freedoms.

Notable Thinkers

  • The Enlightenment thinker Voltaire is known for his advocacy of religious tolerance and freedom of speech.
  • The Enlightenment thinker Montesquieu advocated for the separation of powers in government.

Test your knowledge of European history and the Enlightenment era. Who was the European monarch that supported and sponsored prominent thinkers of the time? Take this quiz to find out!

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