Endocrine vs Nervous System Regulation

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20 Questions

How does the nervous system primarily function?

Using neurotransmitters to influence body tissues

What is the main function of the pituitary gland in the endocrine system?

To 'tell' other glands in the body what to do via neural and hormonal pathways

How do tissue and organ responses to endocrine hormones compare to those induced by neurotransmitters?

They are slower but more prolonged

What is the role of the hypothalamus in the endocrine system?

To tell the pituitary gland to start or stop making hormones

Which component of the endocrine system binds specifically with other molecules to trigger specific physiological changes in a target cell?

Receptors

What is the integrative center of the endocrine system?

Hypothalamus

Which gland is actually an extension of the hypothalamus?

Posterior pituitary

How does the hypothalamus exert hormonal control at the anterior pituitary gland?

By producing effector hormones

What regulates the endocrine system by inhibiting hormone overproduction?

Negative feedback system

What may result from defects in endocrine function?

Inflammation of glands

What are the 3 major components of the endocrine system?

Glands, hormones, and receptors

Which gland acts as the integrative center of the endocrine system?

Hypothalamus

What type of feedback occurs through an axis established among the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and target organ?

Negative feedback

What may result from defects in endocrine function?

Hypersecretion or hyposecretion of hormones

In response to stimulation, what type of molecules bind specifically with receptors to trigger specific physiological changes in a target cell?

Hormones

What is the main function of the posterior pituitary gland in the endocrine system?

To produce and store effector hormones from the hypothalamus

What is the main difference in the means of control between the endocrine and nervous systems?

The endocrine system uses hormones, while the nervous system uses neurotransmitters

Which gland acts as the 'master gland' of the endocrine system?

Pituitary gland

How do tissue and organ responses to endocrine hormones compare to those induced by neurotransmitters?

Endocrine hormone responses are slower and longer than neurotransmitter responses

What connects the endocrine system with the nervous system and instructs the pituitary gland to start or stop making hormones?

Hypothalamus

Explore the differences between the endocrine and nervous systems in regulating body functions, including the means of control, speed of control, and the impact on body tissues. Understand the use of neurotransmitters in the nervous system and hormones in the endocrine system.

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