Who was crowned king shortly after Edward's death?
How many Englishmen are estimated to have died at the Battle of Hastings?
What happened on Christmas Day 1066?
- In January 1066, King Edward the Confessor died and set off a succession struggle between several claimants to his throne.
- Harold was crowned king shortly after Edwards death, but faced invasions by William, his own brother Tostig, and the Norwegian King Harald Hardrada.
- Hardrada and Tostig defeated a hastily gathered army of Englishmen at the Battle of Fulford on 20 September 1066, and were in turn defeated by Harold at the Battle of Stamford Bridge five days later.
- The deaths of Tostig and Hardrada at Stamford Bridge left William as Harolds only serious opponent.
- While Harold and his forces were recovering, William landed his invasion forces in the south of England at Pevensey on 28 September 1066 and established a beachhead for his conquest of the kingdom.
- Harold was forced to march south swiftly, gathering forces as he went.
- The exact numbers present at the battle are unknown as even modern estimates vary considerably.
- Harold appears to have tried to surprise William, but scouts found his army and reported its arrival to William, who marched from Hastings to the battlefield to confront Harold.
- The battle lasted from about 9 am to dusk.
- Early efforts of the invaders to break the English battle lines had little effect.
- Therefore, the Normans adopted the tactic of pretending to flee in panic and then turning on their pursuers.
- Harolds death, probably near the end of the battle, led to the retreat and defeat of most of his army.
- After further marching and some skirmishes, William was crowned as king on Christmas Day 1066.
- There continued to be rebellions and resistance to Williams rule, but Hastings effectively marked the culmination of Williams conquest of England.
- Casualty figures are hard to come by, but some historians estimate that 2,000 invaders died along with about twice that number of Englishmen.
- William founded a monastery at the site of the battle, the high altar of the abbey church supposedly placed at the spot where Harold died.
Test your knowledge of the Battle of Hastings, a decisive conflict in English history that led to the Norman conquest of England in 1066. From the succession struggle to the events of the battle and its aftermath, this quiz covers key details of this significant historical event.
Make Your Own Quiz
Transform your notes into a shareable quiz, with AI.Get started for free