EAPP 4th Quarter Reviewer: Critical Thinking and Reasoning

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29 Questions

What is the primary goal of writing a position paper?

To state and defend one's position on an issue

Which type of reasoning involves presenting an idea from general to specific?

Deductive Reasoning

What is the primary purpose of a thesis statement in a position paper?

To provide a roadmap for the rest of the paper

What is plagiarism, according to the text?

Theft and fraud

What is the term for backing away or hedging in a position paper, making it unclear what position is being taken?

Equivocation

How do you properly paraphrase an idea from a source?

By summarizing the text in your own words and citing it

What is another term for 'argument'?

All of the above

What is the primary purpose of a survey report?

To present the information gathered during the survey in an objective manner

What is the term for the part of the introductory section that provides a brief overview of the topic and its importance?

Background information

What is the purpose of a thesis statement in a position paper?

To announce the writer's central position/stance on the topic

What is the primary purpose of a technical report?

To convey information about technical research in an objective manner

What is the term for the part of an essay that presents the action plan or recommendation?

Conclusion

What is the primary purpose of a questionnaire in research studies?

To measure behavior, attitudes, preferences, opinions, and intentions

What is the correct sequence for conducting a good survey report?

  1. Create questionnaires, 2. Collect data, 3. Analyze data, 4. Interpret data, 5. Write the survey report

What is the purpose of the References section in a technical report?

To detail published sources of materials referred to or quoted in the text

What is the main objective of a technical report's introduction?

To state the objectives of the report

What is the significance of skipped questions in surveys?

It indicates that the question is not clear and understood

What type of report uses observation as a method to gather data?

Field Report

What is the primary function of technology in education?

To demonstrate concepts and show real-life experiences

What is the state of being connected between two or more concepts, objects, or people?

Relationship

What happens when leaders of nations cannot come to a peaceful negotiation to solve a dispute?

War and Peace

What is critical to the well-being of a society?

The quality of the environment

What encompasses everything that concerns running the government?

Politics

What is the main purpose of a survey?

To gather information and obtain opinions

What type of graph is used to show time or distance?

Line graph

What is the purpose of a Highlighted Statement?

To show patterns and trends

What is an Experiment?

A procedure to support or refute a hypothesis

What is the purpose of a Pie graph?

To show proportions of parts to a whole

What is an Educational Issue?

Ideas on educational policy and practices

Study Notes

Position Paper

  • Presents one's stand on a particular issue and shows how it relates to other positions
  • Central goal is to state and defend a position, not just to present an opinion

Reasoning

  • Deductive Reasoning: presenting an idea from general to specific
  • Inductive Reasoning: organizing factual evidence to derive a general conclusion
  • Logical Thinking: making a rational conclusion by analyzing a situation

Plagiarism and Citation

  • Plagiarism is wrong because it's theft and fraud
  • Proper citation is necessary when including one's own ideas from a published article
  • Paraphrasing requires summarizing the text in one's own words and citing the source

Argumentation

  • Opinion and claim are terms for argument
  • Evidence refers to proof from credible sources used to support a writer's claims
  • Claim refers to the writer's central position or stance on a topic
  • Creating a clear position is important to advocate for a specific stance

Structure and Organization

  • Background information provides an overview of the topic and its importance
  • Hook is a part of the opening statement that grabs the reader's attention
  • Thesis Statement serves as a roadmap for the paper
  • Counterargument "refutes" the counterclaim in a position paper
  • Conclusion presents the action plan or recommendation

Survey Report

  • Presents information gathered during a survey in an objective and fact-based manner
  • Methodology explains how the survey was conducted
  • Questionnaire is an effective method of measuring behavior, attitudes, and opinions
  • Objectives of a technical report can be found in the introduction
  • Traditional experimental report follows the IMRAD structure (Introduction, Methodology, Results, and Discussion)

Technical Writing

  • Communicates clearly and effectively
  • References detail published sources of materials referred to or quoted in the text
  • Appendices provide further material essential for a full understanding of the report

Survey and Questionnaire

  • Questionnaire is an effective way of obtaining a large amount of information from a large sample
  • Biased questions can affect the validity of the survey
  • Skipped questions may indicate unclear or misunderstood questions

Educational and Social Concepts

  • Technology: the means by which people can adapt, control, and even change the environment
  • Media: used to demonstrate concepts, show real-life experiences, and connect learners to faraway places
  • Relationship: the way in which two or more concepts, objects, or people are connected
  • War and Peace: leaders of nations cannot come to a peaceful negotiation to solve a dispute
  • Environmental Issues: critical association between society's well-being and environmental quality
  • Politics: encompasses everything that concerns running the government
  • Introduction: states objectives of the report and comments on the topic
  • Data Presentation: often presented graphically for clarity and order

Experimentation and Data Analysis

  • Experiment: a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
  • Highlighted Statement: discusses significant data and shows analytical ability by pointing out patterns and trends
  • Graphs and Charts: data presentations that condense large amounts of information into easy-to-understand formats

Social and Educational Issues

  • Social Issues: recognized problems that prevent society from functioning optimally
  • Educational Issues: ideas, thoughts, and debates centered on educational policy and practices

Test your understanding of critical thinking and reasoning concepts, including position papers, inductive and deductive reasoning, and logical thinking. Evaluate your knowledge of these essential skills for effective argumentation and decision-making.

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