Development Psychology Final: Language Development Chapter 9

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26 Questions

What is the term for the rules about the structure and sequence of speech sounds in language development?

Phonology

Which theory of language development suggests that inner capacities and environment work together, with social context being important?

Interactionist theory

What term refers to the vocabulary, words, and word combinations for concepts in language development?

Semantics

Which brain regions are predisposed to language processing?

Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas

In the context of language development, what is the term for the rules for sentences?

Grammar

What is the main critique of the Nativist perspective?

It ignores the role of social experience

At what age do infants typically start distinguishing phonemes of their own language?

6–8 months

What is the impact of deaf parents on the language development of deaf children?

Deaf children of deaf parents do not have the same language difficulties as those with hearing parents

What is the primary focus of early semantic development?

Categorizing objects and actions

What is a common influence on individual differences in language development?

Quality of home literacy environment

What component of language refers to the vocabulary and word combinations for concepts?

Semantics

Which theory of language development suggests that inner capacities and environment work together, with social context being important?

Interactionist

What term refers to the rules about the structure and sequence of speech sounds in language development?

Phonology

Which brain regions are predisposed to language processing?

Broca's and Wernicke's Areas

What is the term for the rules for sentences in language development?

Grammar

In the context of language development, what is the term for the grammatical markers?

Morphology

Which perspective on language development emphasizes the importance of both innate capacity and rich language environment?

Interactionist perspective

At what age do infants typically start producing consonant-vowel combinations, a stage known as babbling?

6 months

What type of speech is characterized by short sentences, high pitch, exaggerated expression, and clear gestures, and is often used when communicating with infants?

Infant-directed speech

What is the term for the process where a child uses one word to represent an entire sentence or concept?

Overextensions

What is the primary influence on individual differences in language development?

Genetics

Which statement best describes the impact of deaf parents on the language development of deaf children?

Deaf children with deaf parents do not experience any difficulty in language development.

What do infants typically demonstrate when they have the ability to distinguish different speech sounds or phonemes of their own language?

Categorical speech perception

Which theory suggests that the interaction of innate capacities and a rich language environment supports language development?

Interactionist theory

What term refers to the process where children add ending consonants, adjust vowel length, and add unstressed syllables when learning pronunciation?

Phonological strategies

What type of speech is characterized by short sentences, high pitch, exaggerated expression, clear pronunciation, distinct pauses, clear gestures, and repetition?

Infant-directed speech

Test your knowledge on language development components including phonology, semantics, grammar, morphology, and pragmatics, as well as theories of language development such as the nativist theory and interactionist approach.

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