Designing and Shaping of Human Settlements

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By jwblackwell



9 Questions

What is urban design?

What disciplines does urban design borrow knowledge from?

What is the primary focus of urban design theory?

What is the concept of Expanding Nodular Development (E.N.D.)?

What is the key issue in urban design?

What is the issue of walkability?

What is the approach of Everyday Urbanism?

What was the issue with the design of towns and cities until the 1970s?

What is the goal of urban designers?


Designing and Shaping of Human Settlements: A Summary

  • Urban design is an approach to the design of buildings and spaces that focuses on specific design processes and outcomes, considering economic, social, environmental, and social design issues.

  • Urban designers connect the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning to better organize physical space and community environments.

  • Urban design is an interdisciplinary field that borrows knowledge from public administration, sociology, law, urban geography, urban economics, and other related disciplines from the social and behavioral sciences, as well as from the natural sciences.

  • Urban designers work to create inclusive cities that protect the commons, ensure equal access to public goods, and meet the needs of all residents, particularly women, people of color, and other marginalized populations.

  • Urban design theory deals primarily with the design and management of public space and the way public places are used and experienced.

  • Throughout history, the design of streets and deliberate configuration of public spaces with buildings have reflected contemporaneous social norms or philosophical and religious beliefs.

  • The beginnings of modern urban design in Europe are associated with the Renaissance, especially with the Age of Enlightenment.

  • In the 19th century, cities were industrializing and expanding at a tremendous rate, which created many hardships for the working poor and concern for public health increased.

  • In the early 1900s, urban planning became professionalized and new approaches to city design were developed for consideration by decision-makers such as elected officials.

  • In the 20th century, the automobile industry changed urban planning, and city layouts now revolved around roadways and traffic patterns.

  • Today, urban design seeks to create sustainable urban environments with long-lasting structures, buildings, and overall livability.

  • Managed Urbanisation with the view to making the urbanising process completely culturally and economically, and environmentally sustainable, and as a possible solution to the urban sprawl, Frank Reale has submitted an interesting concept of Expanding Nodular Development (E.N.D.) that integrates many urban designs and ecological principles, to design and build smaller rural hubs with high-grade connecting freeways, rather than adding more expensive infrastructure to existing big cities and the resulting congestion.Overview of Urban Design Theories and Issues

  • New Urbanism, Landscape Urbanism, Everyday Urbanism, Tactical Urbanism, Top-up Urbanism, Infrastructural Urbanism, Sustainable Urbanism, Feminist Urbanism, Educational Urbanism, and Black Urbanism are all different urban design theories.

  • Urban design discussions are centered around the efficacy of these approaches. Landscape Urbanism and New Urbanism are often debated as distinct approaches to addressing suburban sprawl. Everyday Urbanism argues for grassroots neighborhood improvements rather than master-planned, top-down interventions.

  • Urban designers work with architects, landscape architects, transportation engineers, urban planners, and industrial designers to reshape the city. Urban design holds enormous potential for helping us address today's biggest challenges: an expanding population, mass urbanization, rising inequality, and climate change.

  • Justice is a key issue in urban design. Urban designers must be careful not to overlook the nuances of race, place, and socioeconomic status in their design efforts. This includes ensuring reasonable access to basic services, transportation, and fighting against gentrification and the commodification of space for economic gain.

  • Until the 1970s, the design of towns and cities took little account of the needs of people with disabilities. The new profession of 'access officer' was established around that time to produce guidelines based on the recommendations of access groups and to oversee adaptations to existing buildings.

  • The issue of walkability has gained prominence in recent years, not only with the concerns of climate change, but also the health outcomes of residents. Car-centric urban design has an invariably negative effect on such outcomes. This issue has been used to fuel movements for alternative forms of transportation such as trains and bicycles, with walking as the primary means of short-range travel.


Test your knowledge on urban design theories and issues with this quiz on Designing and Shaping of Human Settlements. From the emergence of modern urban design in Europe to the impact of the automobile industry on city layouts, this quiz covers a range of topics related to the design of buildings and spaces in urban environments. You'll also explore different urban design theories like New Urbanism, Landscape Urbanism, and Feminist Urbanism, and discover how urban designers work with other professionals to create sustainable and inclusive cities

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