Cybersecurity Terminology Quiz

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EuphoricMagnesium
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10 Questions

What type of security system monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic?

Firewall

What is the process of converting data into a code to prevent unauthorized access?

Encryption

Which security process requires two forms of identification to access an account?

Two-factor authentication

What is the fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information by pretending to be a trustworthy entity?

Phishing

Which term refers to manipulating people to reveal confidential information or perform actions?

Social engineering

Which cybersecurity term best describes a self-replicating program that can infect your computer and cause damage?

Virus

What does a Virtual Private Network (VPN) help protect?

Sensitive data

What is the main purpose of a patch in the context of cybersecurity?

To fix security vulnerabilities

What type of security attack involves manipulating people to reveal sensitive information?

Social engineering

In cybersecurity, what does a data breach refer to?

Unauthorized access to sensitive data

Study Notes

Cybersecurity Threats and Defenses

  • Malware is malicious software that can harm computers or steal data.
  • Phishing is a fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information by pretending to be a trustworthy entity.
  • Firewalls are security systems that monitor and control incoming and outgoing network traffic.
  • Encryption is the process of converting data into a code to prevent unauthorized access.
  • Viruses are self-replicating programs that can infect computers and cause damage.

Security Measures

  • Patches are software updates intended to fix security vulnerabilities.
  • Two-factor authentication is a security process that requires two forms of identification to access an account.
  • Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) provide a secure network connection to protect online privacy and data.

Social Engineering and Data Breaches

  • Social engineering involves manipulating people to reveal confidential information or perform certain actions.
  • A data breach is unauthorized access to sensitive data that can compromise privacy or security.

Test your knowledge of cybersecurity terminology with this quiz covering concepts such as malware, phishing, firewall, encryption, viruses, and patches.

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