CPIS 358: Internet Applications & Web Programming Introduction

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16 Questions

What is the significance of the Web reaching 50 million people in just 4 years?

It demonstrated the rapid adoption of the Web by the general public.

Can the Internet exist without the Web?

Yes

Who founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)?

Tim Berners-Lee

Which protocol does the Web use?

HTTP

When was the Hypertext system (HTML) created?

1991

Which country is credited with the invention of the Internet?

United States

What is the primary goal of W3C?

To standardize web technologies

Which technology is NOT considered a 'legacy' technology according to the text?

HTML

What does an Internet Service Provider (ISP) provide for website deployment?

FTP account and a password

What is the main function of the Domain Name System (DNS) Server in the web browsing process?

Obtaining the IP address of the Web Server

What distinguishes scripting languages from programming languages?

Decision-making capabilities

Where does client-side scripting usually take place?

On the end users' computer

What happens when a user switches off the scripting facility in their browser?

A message pops up to alert the user about security risks

'JavaScript' is an example of which type of scripting language?

Client-side scripting language

'Markup language' is primarily used for what purpose?

Representing structured data

'Interpreter-based' languages do not require what process?

Compiling source code

Study Notes

Web Development and History

  • The Web reached 50 million people in just 4 years, signifying rapid adoption and growth.
  • The Internet and the Web are not the same; the Internet exists independently, while the Web is built on top of it.

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

  • The W3C was founded by Tim Berners-Lee.
  • The primary goal of W3C is to promote and develop the Web, ensuring its stability and accessibility.

Web Technologies

  • The Web uses the HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) protocol.
  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) was created in 1993 as a hypertext system.
  • The United States is credited with the invention of the Internet.

Website Deployment and DNS

  • An Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides access and hosting for website deployment.
  • The main function of the Domain Name System (DNS) Server is to translate domain names into IP addresses.

Scripting Languages

  • JavaScript is an example of a client-side scripting language.
  • Scripting languages are distinguished from programming languages in that they do not require compilation before execution.
  • Client-side scripting usually takes place on the client's web browser.
  • When a user switches off the scripting facility in their browser, the browser will not execute scripts.

Programming Concepts

  • Markup languages, such as HTML, are primarily used for structuring and formatting content.
  • Interpreter-based languages, such as JavaScript, do not require a compilation process.

Test your knowledge on the importance of the World Wide Web, the differences between Internet and Web, how the Web works, the evolution of the Internet and Web, and web programming languages. Created by Dr Noorshan Ben Ayed in 2013 and updated by Dr Amal Alharbi in 2021.

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