Correcting Sentence Fragments

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16 Questions

What is a fragment?

A separated piece of a sentence that does not express a complete thought

How can you correct a fragment?

Attach it to the sentence from which it is separated

Which kind of fragment contains a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought?

The Subordinate Clause

What is a verbal phrase?

A phrase containing a verb form but no verb

In the sentence 'Pete dashed across home plate. Winning the game.', what type of fragment is 'Winning the game'?

Verbal Phrase

What should be done to a verbal phrase to complete its meaning?

It needs a main clause to complete its meaning

What is an appositive?

A word that means the same thing as the noun it follows

Which of the following examples contains an appositive phrase?

The cat, a creature with a furry tail, sat on the windowsill.

How should an appositive phrase be punctuated?

With a comma at the beginning and end

What is a run-on sentence?

A sentence that lacks proper punctuation or conjunction to join independent clauses

How can run-on sentences be avoided?

By recognizing complete thoughts and using appropriate end marks and capital letters

What should follow a sentence in proper punctuation?

A period, a question mark, or an exclamation point

In the example 'She looked everywhere for the missing jewelry, at last she called the police', what is the error?

Run-on sentence

What does an appositive phrase do?

Explains or identifies the noun or pronoun it follows

What is a run-on sentence composed of?

Two independent clauses joined together without correct punctuation or conjunction

How should an appositive phrase be attached to a main clause?

With a comma or commas

Study Notes

Fragments

  • A fragment is a phrase or clause that is incomplete and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence.
  • To correct a fragment, it can be joined to an independent clause to form a complete sentence or rewritten as a complete sentence.

Types of Fragments

  • An independent clause fragment contains a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought.

Verbal Phrases

  • A verbal phrase is a phrase that begins with a verb but functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
  • To complete the meaning of a verbal phrase, it should be connected to an independent clause or rewritten as a complete sentence.

Example of a Fragment

  • In the sentence 'Pete dashed across home plate. Winning the game.', 'Winning the game' is a fragment because it lacks a subject.

Appositive Phrases

  • An appositive phrase is a phrase that renames or explains a noun or pronoun.
  • Example: 'My sister, a doctor, helped me.' contains an appositive phrase.
  • An appositive phrase should be set off with commas.
  • An appositive phrase provides additional information about a noun or pronoun.

Run-on Sentences

  • A run-on sentence is a sentence that contains two or more independent clauses that are not separated by proper punctuation.
  • Run-on sentences can be avoided by using proper punctuation, such as a period, semicolon, or comma followed by a conjunction.
  • A sentence should be followed by proper punctuation, such as a period or question mark.

Error in a Sentence

  • In the sentence 'She looked everywhere for the missing jewelry, at last she called the police', the error is a comma splice.

Appositive Phrases and Run-on Sentences

  • An appositive phrase provides additional information about a noun or pronoun.
  • A run-on sentence is composed of two or more independent clauses that are not separated by proper punctuation.
  • An appositive phrase should be attached to a main clause using commas.

Learn how to identify and correct sentence fragments. This quiz provides examples of fragments and demonstrates how to properly attach them to complete sentences.

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