Common Characteristics of Organizations and Management Functions

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18 Questions

What is the primary goal of management according to the text?

To organize tasks efficiently

Which term best describes the process of utilizing all available resources to reach organizational goals?

Resource optimization

What does successful management rely on, as described in the text?

Delegating tasks effectively to others

What is the key concept highlighted in the text about management?

Management involves coordinating people for common goals

What are the three common characteristics that all organizations share?

Purpose, people, systematic structure

Which term describes an organization's deliberate arrangement of people to achieve specific purposes?

Systematic grouping

Why is planning considered crucial for an organization?

It ensures goals are set and the best procedures are in place to achieve them

In the context of management, what is meant by 'the art of getting things done through people'?

'The art of delegation and leadership'

What does organizing in management involve?

Matching organizational structure with goals and resources

Which function of management involves the arrangement and grouping of jobs within an organization?


What is the main goal of matching organizational design to an organization's goals and resources?

To ensure efficient achievement of organizational objectives

In which management function do managers monitor progress and take corrective actions when necessary?


Which management role involves managers trying to improve their units, launch development projects, and initiate change?


What is the role of a manager who decides who gets resources and strikes a balance between goals and needs?

Resource Allocator

What is the main function of the Decisional roles in management?

Make decisions

Which management role involves greeting visitors, taking customers to lunch, and signing legal documents?


What is the term used to describe a well-structured social entity with deliberate goals?

Formal organization

Which management role involves transmitting information to outsiders through speeches, reports, and memos?


Study Notes

Common Characteristics of Organizations

  • All organizations have three common characteristics: a purpose, composed of people, and a systematic structure.

Management Functions

  • There are four main management functions: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.


  • Planning involves thinking through goals and actions in advance, based on a method, plan, or logic.
  • Plans give the organization its objectives and set up the best procedure for reaching them.
  • Planning involves defining goals for future organizational performance and deciding on the tasks and resources needed to attain them.


  • Organizing is the process of arranging and allocating work, authority, and resources among an organization's members to achieve its goals efficiently.
  • It involves arranging and grouping jobs, allocating resources, and assigning work so that activities can be accomplished as planned.
  • Organizational design matches an organizational structure to its goals and resources.


  • Management is the attainment of organizational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organizing, leading, and controlling organizational resources.
  • Management involves planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the work of organization members and using all available organizational resources to reach stated organizational goals.

Fundamentals of Management

  • An organization is a social entity that is goal-directed and deliberately structured.
  • An organization is a systematic grouping of people brought together to accomplish some specific purpose.

Managerial Roles

Interpersonal Roles

  • Figurehead: managers perform duties as head of the unit.
  • Leader: managers direct and motivate subordinates.
  • Liaison: managers work with others inside or outside the organization to achieve organizational goals.

Informational Roles

  • Monitor: managers collect unsolicited information through networks of contacts.
  • Disseminator: managers distribute important information to subordinates.
  • Spoke-person: managers transmit information to outsiders through speeches, reports, and memos.

Decisional Roles

  • Entrepreneur: managers try to improve their units, launch a development project, and initiate change.
  • Disturbance Handler: managers take corrective action during disputes.
  • Resource Allocator: managers decide who gets resources and strike a balance between goals and needs.
  • Negotiator: managers handle negotiation inside and outside the company, mediating and representing departmental interests.

Explore the common characteristics of organizations and the key management functions including planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Learn why planning is crucial for the success of an organization.

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