Cokroaminoto and Indonesian Independence Movement

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10 Questions

What was the main reason that inspired Cokroaminoto to resist Dutch rule?

News of unrest from the Chinese Revolution

What role did Cokroaminoto play in the Sarekat Islam organization in Surabaya?

Leader

What was the primary belief held by Cokroaminoto regarding the fight for rights and equality?

Unity through a union was essential

Who joined Cokroaminoto at his residence in Surabaya in 1912?

Haji Agus Salim

In which year did the Indonesian Congress take place in Bandung?

1920

What happened to Cokroaminoto in 1921 according to the text?

He was arrested by the Dutch

What impact did internal conflict within Sarekat Islam and Dutch crackdown have on the movement?

Support remained strong despite challenges

Why did Cokroaminoto believe that a union was essential for the fight for rights and equality?

He thought it would bring together like-minded individuals.

What action did Cokroaminoto take after joining Sarekat Islam?

He traveled throughout the region, recruiting members and spreading unity.

How did Cokroaminoto's house hold significance during his time?

It became a gathering place for revolutionary figures.

Study Notes

  • Raden Haji Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto, also known as Cokroaminoto, was a prominent figure from Java with a strong Islamic background.
  • He was dissatisfied with the treatment of common people by Dutch colonial rulers, despite coming from a well-off background.
  • Inspired by the Chinese Revolution, news of unrest reached Cokroaminoto, who encouraged his followers to resist Dutch rule.
  • He joined the Sarekat Dagang Islam (Trade Union of Islamic Commerce) in Surabaya and became its leader.
  • In 1912, the organization was renamed Sarekat Islam (Islamic Union) and Cokroaminoto was appointed as its first chairman.
  • Cokroaminoto believed that a union was essential for the fight for rights and equality.
  • He traveled throughout the region, recruiting members and spreading the message of unity.
  • In 1912, Haji Agus Salim, another nationalist leader from Sumatra, joined Cokroaminoto at his residence in Surabaya.
  • Despite opposition from the Dutch, the movement grew, with many thousands of members.
  • Other social organizations also emerged in Surabaya in 1911.
  • The Indonesian Congress was held in Bandung in 1920, with students of Cokroaminoto playing a key role.
  • Despite internal conflict within Sarekat Islam and the Dutch crackdown, support for the movement remained strong.
  • Cokroaminoto's house became a gathering place for revolutionary figures.
  • In 1921, Cokroaminoto was arrested by the Dutch, accused of instigating unrest in various regions.
  • Despite being imprisoned for a year, he remained committed to the struggle for independence.
  • In 1923, Cokroaminoto was released from prison but was later arrested again in 1928 during the Madiun Affair.
  • Cokroaminoto died in Yogyakarta in 1954.
  • His ideas inspired future generations, culminating in Indonesia's declaration of independence in 1945.

Learn about Raden Haji Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto, a key figure in the Indonesian independence movement who founded Sarekat Islam and played a vital role in resisting Dutch colonial rule.

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