Class 9 Science: Tissues in Animals and Plants

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12 Questions

What is the main function of epithelial tissues in animals?

Form continuous sheets for protection and selective permeability

Which type of tissue in plants is responsible for transporting water, nutrients, and photosynthetic products?

Vascular tissues

What is the main function of muscle tissues in animals?

Move and generate heat

Which specialized tissue in plants plays a role in defense and water transport?

Laticifer

What is the main function of connective tissues in animals?

Provide support, binding, and store nutrients

Which type of tissue in plants forms the surface of plant organs and regulates gas exchange?

Epidermal tissues

Which type of tissues in animals is responsible for forming the skin, hair, nails, and the central nervous system?

Ectodermal tissues

Where do endodermal tissues in animals originate from?

Innermost layer of the embryo

What do mesodermal tissues in animals give rise to?

Connective tissues, muscles, and bones

Which type of tissues in animals originate from the neural tube?

Neural tissues

What is the main function of endodermal tissues in animals?

Forming inner lining of organs like digestive tract

Which tissues in animals are responsible for forming cartilage and skeletal tissues?

Mesodermal tissues

Study Notes

Tissues in Animals and Plants

At the sixth chapter of your Class 9 science book, you'll delve into the fascinating world of cellular organization, specifically the concept of tissues. Tissues are groups of specialized cells that work together to perform specific functions. In this exploration, we'll examine tissues in both animals and plants to uncover their unique characteristics.

Tissues in Animals

In animals, there are four main types of tissues that make up their body structures:

  1. Ectodermal tissues: These tissues originate from the outermost layer of the embryo. Ectodermal tissues are responsible for forming the skin, hair, nails, and even the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).

  2. Endodermal tissues: Derived from the innermost layer of the embryo, these tissues form the inner lining or epithelium of organs such as the digestive tract, respiratory tract, and urinary tract.

  3. Mesodermal tissues: Mesodermal tissues develop from the middle layer of the embryo. They give rise to connective tissues, muscles, and bones. Cartilage and skeletal tissues are also considered mesodermal derivatives.

  4. Neural tissues: These tissues originate from the neural tube and are responsible for forming the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).

Within these four main types, animals have several specialized tissues that perform specific functions:

  • Epithelial tissues: These tissues form continuous sheets that protect and perform selective permeability on internal and external surfaces of organs.
  • Connective tissues: Connective tissues are responsible for providing support, binding, and storing nutrients. They include bone, cartilage, and adipose tissue.
  • Muscle tissues: Muscle tissues are responsible for movement and generating heat. They include striated (skeletal and smooth) and non-striated (cardiac) muscles.

Tissues in Plants

In contrast to animals, plants have three main types of tissues:

  1. Epidermal tissues: These tissues are found on the surface of plant organs and are responsible for protecting the plant, absorbing water and nutrients, and regulating gas exchange.

  2. Ground tissues: Ground tissues are the bulk of plant parenchyma, which provides support and nutrition to the plant. These tissues include parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma cells.

  3. Vascular tissues: These tissues transport water, nutrients, and photosynthetic products throughout the plant. Vascular tissues include xylem and phloem.

Plants also have specialized tissues that perform specific functions:

  • Cambium: Cambium is a thin layer of cells that produces secondary xylem and phloem, forming new wood and vascular bundles in many plants.
  • Laticifer: These cells produce latex and resins, which play a role in defense and water transport.

In summary, tissues are groups of specialized cells that work together in animals and plants to perform specific functions. Understanding tissues and their roles in both kingdoms will provide you with a solid foundation for further explorations in biology. As you continue your Class 9 journey, you'll encounter more complex topics that build upon this initial understanding of cellular organization. Happy learning!

Explore the fascinating world of cellular organization by learning about tissues in both animals and plants. Understand the types of tissues, their functions, and specialized characteristics in animals and plants. Gain a foundational knowledge of tissues to support further studies in biology.

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