Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Mentor India- Size and Location Notes Quiz

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10 Questions

Which geographical feature of India plays a significant role in establishing close contact with various regions?

Deccan Peninsula protruding into the Indian Ocean

Why is it justified to name an ocean after India?

Due to its longest coastline in the Indian Ocean

Which country shares a narrow sea channel with India, separating them?

Sri Lanka

In which direction does India share its land boundary with Afghanistan?

Northwest

What region does the trans-Indian Ocean route connect India to?

Europe and East Asia

Which latitude divides India into almost two equal parts?

23° 30'N

What is the total length of the coastline of India, including the mainland and islands?

7,516.6 km

Which mountain range bounds India in the northwest, north, and northeast?

The Himalayas

Through which city does the Standard Meridian of India (82°30°E) pass?

Mirzapur

Which other countries are part of the RaCUCBAI acronym mentioned in the text?

Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia

Study Notes

India's Location and Size

  • India is strategically located between Europe and East Asia, connected by the trans-Indian Ocean routes.
  • The Deccan Peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, facilitating contact with West Asia, Africa, and Europe from the western coast and Southeast and East Asia from the eastern shore.

India's Neighbours

  • India shares a land boundary with seven countries: China (Tibet) in the north, Nepal and Bhutan in the northeast, Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east, and Sri Lanka and Maldives in the south.

Geography

  • India lies entirely in the Northern Hemisphere, with its mainland extending between latitudes 8°4'N and 37°6'N and longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E.
  • The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30'N) divides the country into almost two equal parts.

Islands

  • The Andaman and Nicobar islands are located to the southeast of the mainland in the Bay of Bengal.
  • The Lakshadweep islands are located to the southwest of the mainland in the Arabian Sea.

Size and Coastline

  • India's landmass has an area of 3.28 million square km, accounting for about 2.4% of the world's total geographical area.
  • India is the seventh-largest country in the world.
  • The land boundary of India is approximately 15,200 km long.
  • The total length of the coastline of the mainland, including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep, is 7,516.6 km.

Time Zone

  • India has a time lag of two hours from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The standard meridian of India is 82°30'E, passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.

Global Significance

  • India is a southward extension of the Asian continent, located centrally between East and West Asia.
  • India is part of the group of countries known as RaCUCBAI (Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia, India).

Test your knowledge on the geographical location and size of India as discussed in Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 'Size and Location' notes by Mentor India.

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