Class 8 History Ch 9: Women, Caste and Reform NCERT Solutions

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10 Questions

What gave the reformers immense confidence and moral support in promoting new laws?

Knowledge of ancient texts

Why were Christian missionaries attacked by many people in the country?

Suspicion of forced conversion to Christianity

What led to Vidyasagar and other reformers setting up schools for girls?

Encouraging education for girls

Which idea did the reformers try to convince people was not supported by ancient texts?

Support for caste distinctions

What did the people suspect Christian missionaries of doing in terms of conversions?

Involved in forced conversion to Christianity

What kind of labor opportunities opened up for people from low castes in the British period?

Construction and cleaning jobs in cities

Why did Jyotirao Phule dedicate his book 'Gulamgiri' to the American movement to free slaves?

To highlight the similarities between the conditions of lower castes in India and black slaves in America

What did B. R. Ambedkar seek to achieve through the temple entry movement?

To secure the rights of Dalits to enter temples

Why were Jyotirao Phule and Ramaswami Naicker critical of the national movement?

They thought the national movement ignored issues of caste discrimination

Who founded the Brahmo Samaj?

Raja Rammohun Roy

Study Notes

Reform Movements

  • The reformers gained immense confidence and moral support from the British government's liberal policies and the activism of Christian missionaries in promoting new laws.

Christian Missionaries

  • Christian missionaries were attacked by many people in the country because they were suspected of converting people to Christianity through fraudulent means.

Education for Girls

  • Vidyasagar and other reformers set up schools for girls because they believed that education was essential for the upliftment of women.

Interpreting Ancient Texts

  • The reformers tried to convince people that the idea of caste hierarchy was not supported by ancient texts.

Conversions and Suspicions

  • People suspected Christian missionaries of using fraudulent means to convert people to Christianity.

Labor Opportunities

  • The British period opened up new labor opportunities for people from low castes in the form of work in plantations, mines, and factories.

Struggle for Human Rights

  • Jyotirao Phule dedicated his book 'Gulamgiri' to the American movement to free slaves, drawing parallels between the struggles of the American slaves and the Indians under British rule.

Temple Entry Movement

  • B. R. Ambedkar sought to achieve the right of entry for the "untouchables" into Hindu temples through the temple entry movement.

Criticisms of the National Movement

  • Jyotirao Phule and Ramaswami Naicker were critical of the national movement because they believed it was dominated by the upper castes and ignored the concerns of the lower castes.

Brahmo Samaj

  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the Brahmo Samaj, a reform movement that aimed to eradicate social evils and promote women's education.

Explore NCERT solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 9 'Women, Caste and Reform'. This quiz covers questions related to social ideas, ancient texts, and the promotion of new laws by reformers.

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