Class 12 NCERT English: Poetry and Literature Analysis

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Which poet is known as the Nightingale of India?

Which poet wrote poems in both Bengali and English languages?

Which poet's works include 'The Post Office' and 'The Gardener'?

Which poet's works include 'Meghaduta' or 'The Cloud Messenger'?

Which poet's poems showcase the beauty of language and provoke thought?

Which author is known for masterful use of plot twists and unexpected endings in short stories?

Who is noted for her Punjabi language poetry with vivid language and imagery?

Which author's works showcase Romantic poetry's beauty and emotional depth?

Who is known for works that explore the darker side of human emotion and horror?

Which author is best known for his Malgudi series offering a humorous look at life in India?


Class 12 NCERT English Books: Unlocking Poetry and Literature

In Class 12, the CBSE's National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) textbooks continue to play a significant role in shaping English learners' understanding of literary works. As you delve into these texts, you'll find a rich tapestry of poetry and literature that stimulates critical thinking and expands your literary horizons.

Poetry Analysis

Class 12 NCERT English books contain a carefully curated selection of poems that explore various themes and styles. As you analyze these poems, you'll learn to appreciate the beauty of language, the power of poetry, and its ability to provoke thought and emotion. Some of the notable poets you'll encounter include:

  • Rabindranath Tagore: Tagore wrote some of the most inspiring and moving poems in the Bengali language. In English, his works like "The Post Office," "The Gardener," and "Crossing," among others, offer profound insights into human emotions.
  • Sarojini Naidu: Known as the Nightingale of India, her poems such as "The Birthplace," "The Last Meeting," and "The Lady," showcase her ability to weave words into intricate, heartfelt narratives.
  • Kalidasa: The ancient Sanskrit poet's works, such as "Meghaduta," or "The Cloud Messenger," highlight the timeless beauty of storytelling and imagery.
  • William Wordsworth: His works, like "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud," "Expostulation and Reply," and "She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways," showcase Romantic poetry's beauty and emotional depth.
  • Amrita Pritam: Noted for her Punjabi language poetry, Amrita Pritam's works like "Kaagaz Ke Phool" and "Aj Aakhaan Waris Shah Nu" demonstrate her masterful use of vivid language and imagery.

Analyzing these poems will help you develop critical thinking skills, learn about various poetic techniques, and better understand the human experience.


Class 12 NCERT English books offer a rich variety of literary works, including short stories, novels, and dramas. These diverse works will expand your understanding of the world, help you think critically about the human experience, and improve your writing skills. Some of the notable authors you'll encounter include:

  • O. Henry: Best known for his short stories, O. Henry's works, such as "The Gift of the Magi," "The Ransom of Red Chief," and "The Last Leaf," showcase his masterful use of plot twists and unexpected endings.
  • Amrita Pritam: In addition to her poetry, Amrita Pritam also wrote novels like "Rasidi Tikki Ki Larki" and "Pinjar," which offer insight into the human experience and the complexities of the human condition.
  • Shakespeare: The Bard's works, like "Romeo and Juliet," "Macbeth," and "Hamlet," offer a wealth of literary and thematic explorations, showcasing the power of language and the human condition.
  • R.K. Narayan: Known for his Malgudi series, Narayan's works like "Swami and Friends," "The Bachelor of Arts," and "The Vendor of Sweets," offer a poignant, humorous, and thoughtful look at life in India.
  • Edgar Allan Poe: Known for his short stories and poems, Poe's works like "The Tell-Tale Heart," "The Raven," and "The Fall of the House of Usher," showcase the power of horror and the darker side of human emotion.

As you delve into these works, you'll develop a deeper understanding of the human experience, learn to think critically about various themes, and improve your writing skills.


As you embark on your Class 12 English learning journey, here are some resources you might find useful:

  • The official NCERT textbooks for Class 12 English.
  • Online study materials and resources, such as those available on the NCERT's website, the CBSE's website, and educational platforms like BYJU's, Unacademy, and Vedantu.
  • Online forums and communities where you can discuss and share opinions about the works you study, such as Reddit's r/IndianEnglishLit subreddit.
  • Local tutors and mentors who can help you better understand the works and improve your critical thinking skills.

As you engage with the Class 12 NCERT English books, you'll find yourself embarking on a literary adventure that will broaden your horizons, stimulate your thinking, and help you develop the skills necessary to succeed in college and beyond.

[Note: This article does not include references, as per the instructions.]


Explore the rich tapestry of poetry and literature in Class 12 NCERT English books through analysis of works by renowned poets and authors like Rabindranath Tagore, William Wordsworth, O. Henry, and Shakespeare. Enhance critical thinking, appreciate various poetic techniques, and deepen understanding of the human experience.

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