Characteristics of Research Quiz

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What is a key characteristic of research?

It aims to discover new knowledge

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of research?

Subjective and speculative

What distinguishes research from other activities?

It generates new knowledge and ideas

Match the type of research design with its description:

Experimental research = Involves manipulation of variables to establish cause-and-effect relationships Descriptive research = Aims to describe characteristics of a population or phenomenon being studied Correlational research = Examines the relationship between two or more variables without manipulation Qualitative research = Focuses on understanding and interpreting social phenomena

Match the data collection method with its description:

Survey = Gathers data by asking questions to a sample of individuals Interview = In-depth conversation with a respondent to gather detailed information Observation = Systematic and careful watching and recording of behavior or phenomena Experiment = Involves manipulating variables to observe the effects on the dependent variable

Match the type of sampling method with its description:

Random sampling = Every member of the population has an equal chance of being selected for the sample Stratified sampling = Divides the population into subgroups and then randomly selects samples from each subgroup Convenience sampling = Selecting individuals who are easiest to reach or most convenient Snowball sampling = Initial participants recruit additional participants from their social network

Match the type of research design with its purpose:

Descriptive Research = To describe characteristics of a population or phenomenon Experimental Research = To establish cause-and-effect relationships Correlational Research = To assess the relationship between two or more variables Exploratory Research = To gain insights and understanding of a problem

Match the type of sampling method with its description:

Random Sampling = Each member of the population has an equal chance of being selected Stratified Sampling = Population is divided into subgroups, then random samples are taken from each subgroup Convenience Sampling = Selecting individuals who are easiest to reach Snowball Sampling = Existing study subjects recruit future subjects from among their acquaintances

Match the data collection method with its description:

Surveys = Gathering data by asking questions to a sample of individuals Interviews = Conducting direct, face-to-face conversations with respondents to gather information Observation = Systematically watching and recording behavior and events Secondary Data Analysis = Analyzing existing data obtained from previous research studies

Test your knowledge of the key characteristics of research and how it distinguishes from other activities. Identify the key features of research and understand what sets it apart from other endeavors.

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