CELLS: Aspects of Cell Organization in Biology

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12 Questions

The cell membrane acts as a selectively permeable barrier, controlling the movement of substances in and out of the ______.

cell

Cytoplasm is the internal fluid of the cell and contains various ______ and cellular structures.

organelles

Prokaryotic cells lack a true nucleus and membrane-bound ______.

organelles

Eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus and membrane-bound ______.

organelles

The ______ is the control center of the cell, containing genetic material (DNA) and directing cellular activities.

nucleus

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) is involved in the synthesis of proteins, calcium storage, and lipid ______.

metabolism

Golgi Apparatus: Modifies, sorts, and packages proteins for secretion or use within the ______.

cell

Mitochondria: Responsible for energy production through cellular ______.

respiration

Chloroplasts (in plant cells): Site of ______, converting light energy into chemical energy.

photosynthesis

Vacuoles: Storage sacs within cells, holding various ______.

substances

Cells reproduce through processes such as ______ and MEIOSIS.

MITOSIS

Tissues combine to form ______ (e.g., heart, liver), and organs work together in organ systems (e.g., circulatory system, nervous system).

organs

Explore the fundamental concept of cell organization in biology, covering topics such as cell structure, function, tissues, and their role in entire organisms. Discover how cells serve as the building blocks of life and interact to create complex living systems.

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