Causes of World War 1

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What event caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia in 1914?

The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife by a man from Serbia.

What was the main reason for the U.S.A. to finally enter World War I?

The sinking of the British passenger ship Lusitania by a German U-boat, resulting in the death of 128 Americans.

What were the 4 major causes of World War 1?

Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, Nationalism

What kind of warfare characterized the fighting on the Western Front during World War I?

Trench Warfare.

What did the Zimmerman Note offer to Mexico in exchange for attacking the USA?

Germany offered Mexico lands in the southwestern USA.

What was the purpose of the Alliance System in Europe?

To aid nations if they were attacked

What were some of the new weapons introduced during World War I?

Machine guns, poison gas, submarines, airplanes, and tanks.

How did Imperialism contribute to the tensions that led to World War 1?

By nations trying to increase their economic power and influence, leading to conflicts

What was the effect of Nationalism on the outbreak of World War 1?

Strong devotion to one's nation led to conflicts with other nations

When did the U.S.A. become involved in World War 1?

1917

What event ignited World War I by causing Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia?

The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

What was the impact of the 'Zimmerman Note' on American sentiment towards entering World War I?

Led to an outcry for war

Which country's actions, related to Freedom of the Seas, directly influenced the U.S.A.'s entry into World War I?

Germany

What key factor contributed to the development of trench warfare during World War I?

New weapons like machine guns and tanks

How did nationalism contribute to the conflict in World War I?

It created fighting among nations

What was a major reason for military leaders feeling the need to attack first in World War 1?

To avoid the time it took to mobilize troops

Which region controlled by European nations faced challenges in maintaining colonial empires before World War 1?

Africa

What was a key characteristic of the Alliance System before World War 1?

Military agreements to aid each other if attacked

Which of the following became a status symbol in Europe before World War 1?

Wearing military gear

What was the primary motivation behind Imperialism as a cause of World War 1?

Control over weaker nations for resources

Which term describes a strong devotion to one's own nation, excluding others, as seen before World War 1?

'Nationalism'

What was a consequence of nations trying to increase their economic power around the world before World War 1?

Conflicts and war due to economic pursuits

Why did Europeans feel proud of wearing military gear even if they were not in the military before World War 1?

'Militarism'

'Imperialism' before World War 1 involved controlling weaker nations primarily for which purpose?

'Resource extraction and market access'

'Alliance System' before World War 1 included agreements mainly related to which aspect?

'Military support if attacked'

'Militarism' before World War 1 led to what change in military strategies?

'Attacking first rather than waiting'

'Nationalism' as a cause of World War 1 represented what type of devotion?

'Devotion to one's own nation excluding others'

What was the main reason for America's entry into World War I?

Germany broke their promise not to sink neutral ships

What triggered Austria-Hungary's declaration of war on Serbia in 1914?

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

What new weapons were introduced during World War I according to the text?

Poison gas and submarines

What did Germany offer Mexico in the Zimmerman Note?

Lands in the southwestern USA

What was the impact of Trench Warfare during World War I?

It resulted in high casualties due to the nature of warfare

How did nationalism contribute to the outbreak of World War I?

By encouraging ethnic groups to form their own countries

Why did Germany resume Unrestricted Submarine Warfare during World War I?

To sink neutral ships violating their blockade

'No man's land' in World War I was characterized by:

'Separation by barbed wire and land mines'

'The Match That Lit the Fuse' refers to:

'Ferdinand's assassination sparking World War I'

'Alliance System Takes Down Europe' suggests that:

'Nations were forced into war because of alliances'

'Causes of USA’s Involvement in the War' highlights that:

'US ties with both Britain and France deepened'

Study Notes

Causes of World War 1

  • World War 1 started in Europe in 1914, but the U.S.A. did not join until 1917.

Militarism

  • Build-up of military forces and a culture of admiring military discipline and war.
  • Europeans were accustomed to seeing people in uniform, even if they were not in the military.
  • Wearing military gear became a status symbol.
  • Military leaders believed it was better to attack first rather than wait to be attacked, due to the time it took to mobilize troops.

Alliance System

  • Agreements between nations to aid one another if they were attacked.
  • By the 1890s, Europe was divided into two alliances:
    • Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire)
    • Allied Powers (Great Britain, France, and Russia)

Imperialism

  • Controlling a weaker nation as a source of raw materials and as a market for products.
  • European nations tried to increase their economic power and influence around the world, leading to conflicts and war.
  • Many European nations controlled colonies in Africa and Southeast Asia, making it difficult to maintain colonial empires.

Nationalism

  • Strong devotion to one's own nation, culture, and interests, to the exclusion of other nations.

Explore the 4 major causes that led to the outbreak of World War 1 in Europe, starting in 1914 and involving the U.S.A. in 1917. Learn about Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, and Nationalism as key factors contributing to the war.

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