Carbohydrates Chemistry

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5 Questions

Which of the following is true about disaccharides?

They consist of two monosaccharide units

Which of the following is an example of a homopolysaccharide?

Starch

What is the functional significance of polysaccharides?

Energy storage

Which of the following is an example of a reducing sugar?

Maltose

What is the significance of oligosaccharides?

Cell recognition

Study Notes

Carbohydrates

  • Disaccharides are composed of two sugar molecules bonded together through a glycosidic linkage.
  • An example of a homopolysaccharide is cellulose, which is a complex carbohydrate composed of many glucose molecules bonded together.
  • Polysaccharides have functional significance in providing energy storage and structural support in cells.
  • Reducing sugars, such as glucose, have a free aldehyde or ketone group, allowing them to act as reducing agents.
  • Oligosaccharides, consisting of 2-10 sugar molecules, play a significant role in cell-cell recognition, immune response, and protein targeting.

Test your knowledge of carbohydrates chemistry with this quiz on disaccharides and polysaccharides. Learn about definitions, examples, and significance of di- and oligosaccharides, as well as the definition, classification, and properties of polysaccharides. Challenge yourself and expand your understanding of biochemistry and molecular biology.

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