Bronchial Asthma Overview Quiz

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32 Questions

What symptom is often present in asthma and also common with respiratory infections?

Wheezing

Which test is used to confirm the diagnosis of asthma by measuring an increase in peak expiratory flow (PEF) after salbutamol?

Exercise challenge test

What characteristic spirometric findings are typical in asthma after bronchodilator use?

Normal volume, decreased FEV1, and increased flow

What is the phenotype of asthma characterized by cough as the only symptom, often occurring at night, and with normal pulmonary function?

Asthma cough phenotype

What is the prevalence of occupational asthma among adult asthma cases?

Between 5% and 10%

What should athletes with asthma avoid during training to minimize symptoms?

Training in dusty premises, cold air, or pools with high chlorine levels

What proportion of pregnant women experience symptoms of asthma?

2/3 cases

Which factor may lead to underdiagnosis of asthma in low and middle-income countries?

Inadequate access to diagnostic tests

What type of challenge test measures a significant decrease in FEV1 after exposure to a provoking agent?

Bronchial challenge test

What is a notable characteristic of the spirometric findings in occupational asthma?

Variability in lung function between working days and weekends/holidays.

What is the main characteristic of asthma?

Chronic airway inflammation

Which of the following is a common symptom of asthma?

Wheeze and cough

What is a common trigger for airway narrowing in asthma?

Dust mites and furry animals

What is a common history related to the onset of asthma in adults?

New-onset asthma after respiratory infections

What is a common objective evaluation finding in asthma?

Wheezing during forced expiration

What is a common genetic predisposition for asthma?

Airway hyperreactivity

What is the primary characteristic of asthma?

Chronic airway inflammation

Which factor contributes to the pathogenesis of asthma?

Airway remodelling

What is a common trigger for airway narrowing in asthma?

Dust mites

What symptom is often present in asthma and also common with respiratory infections?

Cough

What is a notable history related to the onset of asthma in adults?

~75% new-onset after respiratory infections in adults

What is a characteristic spirometric finding in asthma after bronchodilator use?

Normal spirometry with forced expiration wheezing

Which of the following tests is used to measure the variability in lung function for confirming the diagnosis of asthma?

SPIROMETRY / PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS

What is the characteristic spirometric finding in asthma after bronchodilator use?

Increased FEV1 and normal flow

In occupational asthma, what proportion of adult asthma cases is attributed to occupational factors?

15-20%

What is a notable characteristic of the spirometric findings in occupational asthma?

Decreased FEV1 after bronchodilator use

What should athletes with asthma avoid during training to minimize symptoms?

Exercising in cold air or dusty premises

What is a common trigger for airway narrowing in asthma?

Laughing

Which symptom is often present in asthma and also common with respiratory infections?

Wheezing

Cough as the only symptom, often occurring at night, and with normal pulmonary function is characteristic of which phenotype of asthma?

Cough

Pregnant women experience symptoms of asthma in what proportion of cases?

1/3 cases

Inhaled glucocorticoids often make it more difficult to confirm the diagnosis of asthma because:

They improve lung function

Test your knowledge about bronchial asthma with this quiz. Learn about the characteristics, symptoms, and prevalence of asthma as well as its impact on individuals. Get familiar with the key aspects of this chronic airway inflammation.

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