British Acts After the French and Indian War

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What did the colonists do to scare off tax collectors?

Destroyed their offices

Which event led to the repeal of the Stamp Act by Parliament in March 1766?

Violent protests by the colonists

What items were taxed under the Townshend Acts when imported into the colonies?

Lead, paint, glass, paper, tea

How did the colonists respond to the Townshend Acts?

Refused to buy British products in their stores

Why were more British troops sent to the colonies in March of 1770?

To maintain peace and order

Why did Great Britain choose to tax the colonists in the 1760s?

To finance the French and Indian War

What was the main purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 from the British perspective?

To prevent conflicts with Native Americans

What impact did the Sugar Act of 1764 have on the American colonies?

It triggered widespread protests and resistance

How did most American colonists react to the Proclamation of 1763?

They ignored it and continued moving west

What did citizens of Great Britain feel about paying for battles and protection that did not affect them?

They opposed financing colonial wars and protection

Why were British soldiers sent to enforce the Proclamation Line in 1763?

To prevent conflicts between colonists and Native Americans

Why were the colonists angry about the Stamp Act?

They didn't want to pay more money for everyday items

What did the Quartering Act of 1765 require the colonists to provide?

Quarters, food, fuel, candles, and transportation for British soldiers

What did the colonists believe was invalid about the taxes imposed by Great Britain?

They had not elected any of the leaders in Great Britain

How did some colonists protest against the Stamp Act?

Refusing to buy the stamps

What did the Stamp Act require to be displayed on papers to show that the tax was paid?

Large blue stamp

Why did colonists feel they had no control over the taxes imposed by Great Britain?

They believed they had not elected any leaders in Great Britain

Study Notes

The Colonists' Revolt Against British Rule

  • Colonists from different colonies joined together to boycott British goods and refused to pay taxes imposed by the British government.

The Stamp Act and Its Consequences

  • The British government passed the Stamp Act in 1765, which placed a tax on printed materials, such as newspapers, pamphlets, and playing cards, in the colonies.
  • The tax required a large blue stamp to be displayed on each item, and the revenue generated would go to the British government.
  • News of the Stamp Act sparked widespread outrage among the colonists, who felt they had no say in making these laws and were being subjected to "taxation without representation."

The Colonists' Response

  • In response to the Stamp Act, colonists refused to buy stamps, protested in streets and town squares, and even attacked tax collectors and destroyed their offices.
  • The colonists' refusal to pay the Stamp Act led to its eventual repeal in March 1766.

The Townshend Acts

  • The British government quickly introduced the Townshend Acts in 1767, which placed taxes on imported goods, such as lead, paint, glass, paper, and tea.
  • The Townshend Acts further angered the colonists, who continued to boycott British goods and refuse to pay taxes.

The British Government's Response

  • The British government sent more troops to the colonies in March 1770 to maintain order and enforce the Townshend Acts.
  • The British government's attempts to exert control over the colonies further fueled the colonists' discontent.

The Proclamation of 1763 and Its Consequences

  • The Proclamation of 1763 was announced to stop the fighting between Native Americans and British settlers, who were moving west into Native American land.
  • The Proclamation prohibited settlers from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains, but many colonists ignored the law and continued to settle in the prohibited areas.
  • British soldiers were sent to enforce the Proclamation Line, leading to further tensions between the colonists and the British government.

Background to the Conflict

  • The French and Indian War had left Britain with unpaid debts, prompting the government to raise revenue through taxation.
  • The British government felt that the colonists, who benefited from British protection, should contribute to the war effort and pay the debts.

Explore the British government's response to the aftermath of the French and Indian War through a series of laws known as acts. Learn about the Proclamation of 1763 and its impact on British settlers and Native Americans.

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