Biopsychosocial Model & Theories of Health Behavior Quiz

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30 Questions

According to the biopsychosocial model of health behavior, health and illness stem from a combination of which factors?

Biological, psychological, and social factors

What is the definition of wellbeing?

The state of being comfortable, healthy, and happy

Which of the following are dimensions of an individual's health and wellbeing?

Environmental, social, biological, lifestyle, spiritual, vocational, societal, and socioeconomic factors

Which theory of health behavior proposes that people engage in positive or negative health habits based on their beliefs about the health threat and the effectiveness of the recommended behavior?

Health belief model

According to the transtheoretical model, what are the five stages of behavioral change?

Precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance

What is the primary health threat second only to nicotine?

Obesity

What percentage of Australians are overweight or obese according to body mass index (BMI) assessments?

Over 50%

What are the underlying causes of obesity?

Both genetic and environmental factors

What is the most preventable cause of illness today?

Cigarette smoking

Which factors influence an individual's health and wellbeing according to the biopsychosocial model?

Biological, psychological, social, and environmental factors

Which of the following barriers to health promotion is NOT mentioned in the text?

Societal barriers

What is the psychobiological process that refers to a challenge to a person's capacity to adapt to inner and outer demands?

Stress

Which model identifies two stages in the process of stress and coping?

Lazarus's model

What are events that often lead to stress called?

Stressors

How can stress affect physical health indirectly?

By leading to behaviors that weaken the body's defenses or lead to exposure to pathogens

What type of coping involves changing the situation to deal with the stressor itself?

Problem-focused coping

What does social support refer to?

The presence of others in whom a person can confide and from whom the individual can expect help and concern

What is the term for a person creating a new narrative and renewed philosophy about life after a traumatic experience?

Post-traumatic growth

Which factors contribute to an individual's health and wellbeing, according to the text?

All of the above

What is the term for individuals who seemingly stop making active efforts to alleviate their hardships due to discrimination?

Low-effort syndrome

Which of the following is a major problem in society today?

Alcohol dependence

What are the four broad barriers to health promotion?

Individual barriers, family barriers, health system barriers, community and cultural barriers

Why do most people who do not wear condoms, tan excessively, or use alcohol or other drugs do so?

For self-presentation reasons

What are the three stages of the general adaptation syndrome proposed by Selye?

Alarm, resistance, exhaustion

What are the two stages in Lazarus' model of stress and coping?

Primary appraisal, secondary appraisal

What are events that often lead to stress called?

Stressors

What is the impact of stress on health and mortality primarily through?

Its effects on the immune system

Which personality trait has been linked to heart disease?

Type A behavior pattern

What are the major strategies for coping with stress?

Trying to change the situation directly, changing perception, changing emotions, seeking social support

What does health psychology study?

Psychological influences on health and illness

Test your knowledge on the biopsychosocial model of health behavior and theories of health behavior in this quiz. Explore the influences on health, illness, and responses to illness.

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