Bahay na Bato: Cross and Swords Days

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31 Questions

What is the purpose of the bahay na bato?

To withstand dangers posed by fires, earthquakes, and typhoons

What materials were typically used for the ground storey of the bahay na bato?

Massive cut stone or brick walls

What replaced roof tiles on the bahay na bato beginning in the 1880s?

Galvanized iron sheets

What is a 'volada' in the context of bahay na bato?

An enclosed overhanging balcony

What social change led to the development of bahay na bato?

Rise of the native aristocracy or ilustrados

What purpose did 'ventanilla' serve in the bahay na bato?

To allow more air and light through sliding panels

What is the function of the dispense in a traditional Filipino house?

Storage of food

In a traditional Filipino house, what is the function of the azotea?

Outdoor terrace for relaxation

What is the meaning of 'entresuelo' in a traditional Filipino house?

Mezzanine elevated above the ground

What is the function of 'cuadra' in a traditional Filipino house?

Area for stable horses

Which city is described as the manifestation of folk religiosity in the text?

Quiapo

What is the function of 'escalera' in a traditional Filipino house?

Wooden staircase to upper floor

What does 'bahay na bato' refer to?

All of the above

'Barandillas' in a traditional Filipino house typically refers to what?

(usually wooden) railing or balustrade

'Banyo' in a traditional Filipino house is typically what?

(bathroom) sometimes built separately from the house but linked to it by a walkway

What was the purpose of using hiero or galvanized iron sheets on the roof of the bahay na bato?

To repel rain and oust warm air within

What was the outcome of profound social change that led to the development of bahay na bato?

The ascendancy of the native aristocracy or ilustrados up the social ranks

What part of the bahay na bato is described as an enclosed overhanging balcony with a gallery?

Volada

What materials were typically used for the upper level of the bahay na bato?

Hardwood

Why did the bahay na bato incorporate features from indigenous and Hispanic building traditions?

To tackle the dangers posed by fires, earthquakes, and typhoons

What architectural feature in the bahay na bato was replaced with hiero or galvanized iron sheets beginning in the 1880s?

Roof tiles

What is the function of a 'dispensa' in a traditional Filipino house?

Storage for food

What is the purpose of an 'azotea' in a traditional Filipino house?

Outdoor terrace for relaxation

In a traditional Filipino house, what does 'cuadra' refer to?

Stable for horses

What is the role of 'entresuelo' in a traditional Filipino house?

Mezzanine above the ground

What does 'escalera' typically refer to in a traditional Filipino house?

Wooden staircase

What is the function of 'banyo' in a traditional Filipino house?

Bathroom

What is the typical function of 'sala' in a traditional Filipino house?

Main living room

'Barandillas' in a traditional Filipino house typically refers to what?

(usually wooden) railing or balustrade

'Cocina' in a traditional Filipino house refers to what?

(Kitchen) sometimes built separately but connected to the house

'Cuarto' in a traditional Filipino house typically refers to what?

'Cuarto' or bedrooms surrounded and opened into the spacious living area.

Explore the development of the bahay na bato, a domestic prototype from the 17th to 19th century, which merged indigenous and Hispanic building traditions to address the challenges of fires, earthquakes, and typhoons. Delve into how it reflected social changes during the ascendancy of the ilustrados aristocracy.

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