Atomic Spectroscopy Quiz

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By CharmingBixbite3451

Quiz

Flashcards

36 Questions

What are the advantages of atomic spectroscopy?

Who developed atomic spectroscopy?

What are the three forms of atomic spectroscopy?

How is atomic absorption performed?

What is the most common fuel-oxidizer combination used in flame spectrometers?

What is atomic fluorescence?

What is atomic emission?

What is direct solid sampling?

What are graphite furnaces?

What is the Beer-Lambert Law?

What are matrix modifiers?

What are the applications of atomic spectroscopy?

What are the advantages of atomic spectroscopy?

Who developed atomic spectroscopy?

What are the three forms of atomic spectroscopy?

How is atomic absorption performed?

What is the most common fuel-oxidizer combination used in flame spectrometers?

What is atomic fluorescence?

What is atomic emission?

What is direct solid sampling?

What are graphite furnaces?

What is the Beer-Lambert Law?

What are matrix modifiers?

What are the applications of atomic spectroscopy?

What is the main advantage of atomic spectroscopy?

Who developed atomic spectroscopy?

What are the three forms of atomic spectroscopy?

What is atomic absorption?

How can the concentration of an absorbing species in a sample be measured?

What is atomic fluorescence?

What is atomic emission?

What is the most common fuel-oxidizer combination in flame spectrometers?

What is a graphite furnace?

What is direct solid sampling?

What are some fields in which atomic spectroscopy is widely used?

What is the purpose of matrix modifiers in direct solid sampling?

Summary

Atomic Spectroscopy: Principles, Advantages, and Disadvantages

  • Atomic spectroscopy was developed by Alan Walsh in the early 1950s.
  • Advantages of atomic spectroscopy include high sensitivity, high selectivity, high throughput, and good precision.
  • Atomic spectroscopy has three forms: absorption, emission, and fluorescence.
  • In atomic absorption, a liquid sample is atomized in a flame, and a detector measures the amount of light that passes through the flame.
  • The concentration of an absorbing species in a sample can be measured using the Beer-Lambert Law or a working curve after calibrating the instrument with standards of known concentration.
  • Atomic fluorescence involves irradiating atoms in a flame with a laser to promote them to an excited electronic state and then measuring the fluorescence emitted when they return to the ground state.
  • Atomic emission is widely used and involves using a plasma to promote some atoms to excited electronic states, from which they emit photons to return to lower energy states.
  • In atomic spectroscopy, analyte is atomized in a flame, an electrically heated furnace, or a plasma.
  • Most flame spectrometers use a premix burner, and the most common fuel-oxidizer combination is acetylene and air.
  • Graphite furnaces are more sensitive than flames and require less sample, and they are heated in three or more steps to properly atomize the sample.
  • Direct solid sampling involves analyzing a solid without sample preparation, and matrix modifiers can be added to reduce the loss of analyte during charring.
  • Atomic spectroscopy is widely used for elemental analysis in various fields, including environmental monitoring, clinical diagnosis, and material science.

Description

Test your knowledge on the principles, advantages, and disadvantages of atomic spectroscopy with this quiz! This powerful analytical technique has been widely used for elemental analysis in fields such as environmental monitoring and clinical diagnosis. Through questions on the different forms of atomic spectroscopy and the various methods of sample preparation, you'll be able to gauge your understanding of this fascinating area of science. Whether you're a student or a professional, this quiz is a great way to expand your knowledge on atomic spectroscopy.

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