Ashoka's Dhamma and the Mauryan Empire

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What was the purpose of Ashoka's dhamma?

To solve social and ethical problems in the empire.

How did Ashoka spread the ideas of dhamma to other lands?

He sent messengers to other lands and also sent his children to spread the ideas.

Who were the dhamma mahamatta and what was their role?

They were officials appointed by Ashoka to teach people about dhamma.

What were some of the other initiatives taken by Ashoka to promote dhamma?

Building roads, digging wells, building rest houses, and arranging for medical treatment for humans and animals.

What inspired Ashoka in formulating his dhamma?

The teachings of the Buddha

What were the duties of the dhamma mahamatta?

Teaching people about dhamma and solving societal problems

Where did Ashoka send messengers to spread the ideas of dhamma?

Syria, Egypt, Greece, and Sri Lanka

What were some of the initiatives taken by Ashoka to promote dhamma?

Building roads, digging wells, arranging medical treatment, and inscribing messages on rocks and pillars

Ashoka's dhamma involved the worship of a god and animal sacrifices.

False

Ashoka appointed officials, known as the dhamma mahamatta, to teach people about dhamma.

True

Ashoka's son Mahendra and daughter Sanghmitra were sent to spread ideas about dhamma to Syria, Egypt, and Greece.

False

Ashoka built roads, dug wells, and arranged for medical treatment for human beings only.

False

Study Notes

Ashoka's Dhamma

  • Ashoka's dhamma aimed to promote social harmony, tolerance, and non-violence

Spreading Dhamma

  • Ashoka sent messengers to spread the ideas of dhamma to other lands, including Syria, Egypt, and Greece
  • His son Mahendra and daughter Sanghmitra were part of the mission to spread dhamma

Dhamma Mahamatta

  • Dhamma mahamatta were officials appointed by Ashoka to teach people about dhamma
  • Their duties included promoting social harmony, tolerance, and non-violence

Initiatives to Promote Dhamma

  • Ashoka built roads, dug wells, and arranged for medical treatment for all living beings, not just humans
  • He did not involve the worship of a god or animal sacrifices in his dhamma

Inspiration Behind Ashoka's Dhamma

  • Ashoka's experience of the brutal Kalinga War inspired him to formulate his policy of dhamma

Test your knowledge about Ashoka's Dhamma and the religious, social, and ethical aspects of the Mauryan Empire as discussed in Chapter 6. Explore the key principles, influences, and challenges faced during that time.

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