Article 30(1) of the Constitution and Minority Educational Institutions

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What did the Asian Development Bank report highlight regarding PRIs?

Instances of political interference

What is one downside of reserved seats for SCs, STs, and women in PRIs according to the text?

Misuse by proxy candidates like Panchayat Pati

What percentage of rural citizens, according to a survey by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, have heard of their local Panchayat?

45%

How many Panchayati Raj Institutions exist in India as of 2021?

2.5 lakh

Approximately what percentage of total seats in PRIs are reserved for Scheduled Tribes (STs)?

17%

In what way have Panchayati Raj Institutions contributed to local decision-making?

Empowering citizens to shape the development agenda

When was AMU recognized as an 'institution of national importance' by the Union government?

1981

What significant changes were made to the AMU Act in 1965?

Replacing the 'Lord Rector' with a 'Visitor'

What did the Allahabad High Court do in 2005 regarding AMU's minority status?

Nullified the 1981 Act

What did the SC emphasize regarding regulation by status statute and minority status?

That regulation doesn't affect minority status

According to SC's 1967 ruling, why couldn't AMU be considered a minority institution?

Because its establishment relied solely on Muslim minority efforts

'Article 30' refers to which aspect mentioned in the text?

'Article 30' does not mandate exclusive administration by the minority community

What right does Article 30(1) of the Constitution grant to religious and linguistic minorities?

The right to establish and administer educational institutions

Can a minority educational institution have a secular administration?

Yes, it can have a secular administration and admit students from diverse communities.

What does Article 29 of the Constitution protect?

The right to conserve distinct language, script, or culture for any section of citizens

Which article protects freedom of conscience and the practice, profession, and propagation of religion?

Article 25

Does the presence of majority community members in administrative roles dilute the minority character of educational institutions?

No, it does not necessarily dilute the minority character

What does Article 27 provide freedom from?

Freedom from compulsory payment of taxes for promoting any particular religion

When was the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) established?

1992

Which communities were initially covered by the National Commission for Minorities (NCM)?

Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Parsis

What did the SC rule in the TMA Pai case regarding Article 30 rights?

Religious and linguistic minorities should be considered state-wise

What transformation did the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental (MOA) College undergo in 1920?

It became Aligarh Muslim University (AMU)

Which technology initiative provides free and electronic access to Supreme Court judgments for citizens?

Digital Supreme Court Reports (Digi SCR)

According to the Inamdar case, can the state impose reservation policy on minority unaided private colleges?

No, the state cannot impose reservation policy on minority unaided private colleges

What is the purpose of the World Bank's guarantee in the initiative mentioned in the text?

To secure investors' principal amount at the end of the term

What distinguishes the 'plastics bond' from previous outcome bonds mentioned in the text?

It involves carbon offset credits in its repayment structure.

In the context of Neuralink's brain chip, what does 'Telepathy' refer to?

The initial application allowing users to control devices through thought.

What is one of the broader applications mentioned for Neuralink's brain chip?

Restoring motor functionality to individuals with neurological disorders.

What ethical concerns are associated with the implementation of Neuralink's brain chip?

Potential misuse for mind control or surveillance purposes

Based on the text, what does the snow leopard population estimate signify for India?

A milestone in understanding and protecting a vulnerable species

Learn about the rights granted by Article 30(1) of the Constitution to religious and linguistic minorities to establish and administer educational institutions. Understand how minority institutions can have secular administration and admit students from diverse communities.

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