Are You a Photography Expert?

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By jwblackwell

Quiz

Flashcards

9 Questions

What is photography?

What is the camera obscura?

Who made the earliest surviving photograph from nature?

What is the calotype process?

When was the first digital camera created?

What is photojournalism?

What is conceptual photography?

What did Clive Bell state in his essay 'Art'?

What is Susan Sontag's opinion on photography?

Summary

Photography: An Overview

  • Photography is the art of creating durable images by recording light either electronically or chemically.

  • It is used in various fields such as science, manufacturing, business, art, film, and communication.

  • A lens is used to focus the light reflected or emitted from objects to create a real image on the light-sensitive surface inside a camera during a timed exposure.

  • With an electronic image sensor, this produces an electrical charge at each pixel, which is electronically processed and stored in a digital image file.

  • With photographic emulsion, the result is an invisible latent image, which is later chemically "developed" into a visible image.

  • The word "photography" was created from the Greek roots φωτός (phōtós), genitive of φῶς (phōs), "light" and γραφή (graphé) "representation by means of lines" or "drawing".

  • The camera obscura, which provides an image of a scene, dates back to ancient China.

  • Nicéphore Niépce made the first permanent photoetching in 1822, and in 1826 he made the earliest surviving photograph from nature called "View from the Window at Le Gras".

  • Louis Daguerre, in partnership with Niépce, worked out post-exposure processing methods that produced visually superior results and replaced bitumen with a more light-sensitive resin.

  • William Fox Talbot created the calotype process, which used the chemical development of a latent image to greatly reduce the exposure needed and compete with the daguerreotype.

  • The first flexible photographic roll film was marketed by Kodak in 1885, and the first transparent plastic roll film followed in 1889.

  • Although modern photography is dominated by digital users, film continues to be used by enthusiasts and professional photographers.A Brief History of Photography

  • Color photography was explored in the 1840s but required long exposures and could not "fix" the photograph to prevent color fading.

  • The first permanent color photograph was taken in 1861 using the three-color-separation principle.

  • Autochrome, the first commercially successful color process, was introduced by the Lumière brothers in 1907.

  • Kodachrome, the first modern "integral tripack" color film, was introduced by Kodak in 1935.

  • Digital photography dominates the 21st century, and more than 99% of photographs taken around the world are through digital cameras.

  • The first digital camera to both record and save images in a digital format was the Fujix DS-1P created by Fujfilm in 1988.

  • Digital imaging uses an electronic image sensor to record the image as a set of electronic data rather than as chemical changes on film.

  • Dualphotography consists of photographing a scene from both sides of a photographic device at once.

  • Full-spectrum, ultraviolet, and infrared media have been used in photography since the 1960s.

  • Layering is a photographic composition technique that manipulates the foreground, subject or middle-ground, and background layers.

  • Light field photography allows focusing at various depths of field to be selected after the photograph has been captured.

  • Amateur, commercial, and fine art photography are the three main types of photography.Photography: Its Evolution and Implications

  • Early photographers were met with acclaim, but some questioned if their work met the definitions and purposes of art.

  • Clive Bell in his classic essay “Art” states that only “significant form” can distinguish art from what is not art.

  • Sotheby's London sold the 2001 photograph 99 Cent II Diptychon for an unprecedented $3,346,456 to an anonymous bidder in 2007, making it the most expensive at the time.

  • Conceptual photography turns a concept or idea into a photograph.

  • Photojournalism is a particular form of photography that employs images to tell a news story and must comply with a rigid ethical framework.

  • The camera has a long and distinguished history as a means of recording scientific phenomena from the first use by Daguerre and Fox-Talbot.

  • Wildlife photography requires a photographer to choose the right place and right time when specific wildlife are present and active.

  • Susan Sontag dismisses the objectivity of photography, arguing that it is a subjective form of representation.

  • Digital imaging has raised ethical concerns because of the ease of manipulating digital photographs in post-processing.

  • Photography is one of the new media forms that changes perception and changes the structure of society.

  • Photography is both restricted and protected by the law in many jurisdictions.

  • Each country has different laws regarding photography.

Description

Think you know everything about photography? Test your knowledge with this quiz covering the basics of photography, the evolution of photography, and its implications. From the invention of the camera obscura to the rise of digital photography, explore the history and different types of photography. Find out if you know what it takes to be a successful wildlife photographer, the ethical concerns surrounding digital imaging, and the legal restrictions and protections surrounding photography in various countries. Take this quiz and discover how much you really know about the art and

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